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71. But he, thinking that the city must be in an unsettled state and that the people would not so1 quickly yield up their ancient liberty, thinking too that the appearance of a great Lacedaemonian army would increase their excitement, and far from convinced that civil strife was not at that very moment raging among them, gave unfavourable answers to the envoys of the Four Hundred. He sent to Peloponnesus for large reinforcements, and then, with the garrison at Decelea and the newly arrived troops, came down in person to the very walls of Athens. He expected that the Athenians, distracted by civil strife, would be quite at his mercy; there would be such a panic created by the presence of enemies both within and without the walls, that he might even succeed in taking the city at the first onset; [2] for the Long Walls would be deserted, and he could not fail of capturing them. But when he drew near there was no sign of the slightest disorder within; the Athenians, sending out their cavalry and a force of heavy and light-armed troops and archers, struck down a few of his soldiers who had ventured too far, and retained possession of some arms and dead bodies; [3] whereupon, having found out his mistake, he withdrew to Decelea. There he and the garrison remained at their posts; but he ordered the newly arrived troops, after they had continued a few days in Attica, to return home. The Four Hundred resumed negotiations, and Agis was now more ready to listen to them. At his suggestion they sent envoys to Lacedaemon in the hope of coming to terms.

1 Agis, thinking that the city is now at his mercy, refuses to treat with them. But approaching too near he wall, he is undeceived The Four Hundred at his suggestion send an embassy to Lacedaemon.

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hide References (22 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (11):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.1
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.25
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.75
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.86
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.90
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XCIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.76
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.3
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.33
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.23
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.43
  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
    • Smith's Bio, Agis Ii.
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 8.90
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (8):
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