Organization of the two governments.
The United States Government.
I. The Buchanan Administration. (1857-1861.)President: James Buchanan (Pa.) Vice-President: John C. Breckinridge * (Ky.）
Department of State.Secretary of State: Lewis Cass (Mich.) Secretary of State: Jeremiah S. Black (Pa.), appointed Dec. 17, 1860.
War DepartmentSecretary of War: John B. Floyd * (Va.） Secretary of War: Joseph Holt (Ky.) (ad interim), Dec. 31, 1860; regularly appointed Jan. 18, 1861.
Navy Department.Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey (Conn.)
Treasury Department.Secretary of the Treasury: Howell Cobb* (Georgia） Secretary of the Treasury: Philip F. Thomas (Md.), appointed Dec. 12, 1860 Secretary of the Treasury: John A. Dix (N. Y.), appointed Jan. 11, 1861.
Justice Department.Attorney-General: Jeremiah S. Black Attorney-General: Edwin M. Stanton (Pa.), appointed Dec. 20, 1860.
Department of the Interior.Secretary of the Interior: Jacob Thompson* (Miss.）
Post-office.Postmaster-General: Aaron V. Brown (Tenn.), died Mar. 8, 1859 Postmaster-General: Joseph Holt (Ky.), appointed Mar. 14, 1859 Postmaster-General: Horatio King (Maine), appointed Feb. 12, 1861.
Ii. The Lincoln Administration. (1861-1865.)President: Abraham Lincoln (Ill.) Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin (Maine).
Department of State.Secretary of State: William H. Seward (New York).
War Department.Secretary of War: Simon Cameron (Pa.) Secretary of War: Edwin M. Stanton (Pa.), appointed Jan. 15, 1862.
Navy Department.Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles (Conn.)
Treasury Department.Secretary of the Treasury: Salmon P. Chase (Ohio） Secretary of the Treasury: W. P. Fessenden (Maine), appointed July 1, 1864 Secretary of the Treasury: Hugh McCulloch (Ind.), appointed March 7, 1865.
Interior Department.Secretary of the Interior: Caleb B. Smith (Ind.) Secretary of the Interior: John P. Usher (Ind.), appointed January 8, 1863.
Department of justice.Attorney-General: Edward Bates (Mo.) Attorney-General: James Speed (Ky.), appointed Dec. 2, 1864.
Post-office.Postmaster-General: Montgomery Blair (Md.) Postmaster-General: William Dennison (Ohio), appointed September 24, 1864.