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[337]

The opposing forces at Pea Ridge, Ark.

The composition and losses of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured.-Editors.


Composition and losses of the Union army.

Brig.-Gen. Samuel R. Curtis.

First and Second divisions, Brig.-Gen. Franz Sigel. First Division, Col. Peter J. Osterhaus. First Brigade: 25th Ill., Col. William N. Coler; 44th Ill., Col. Charles Knobelsdorff; 17th Mo., Major August H. Poten. Brigade loss: k, 4; w, 22; m, 11 = 37. Second Brigade, Col. Nicholas Greusel. 36th Ill., Col. Nicholas Greusel; 12th Mo., Major Hugo Wangelin; Illinois Cavalry (2 Cos.), Captains Albert Jenks and Henry A. Smith. Brigade loss: k, 7; w, 66; m, 36 = 109. Artillery: Mo. Battery, Capt. Martin Welfiey; 4th Ohio Battery, Capt. Louis Hoffmann. Loss: w, 6; m, 4 = 10. Second Division, Brig.-Gen. Alexander Asboth (w). Staff loss: w, 1. First Brigade, Col. Frederick Schaefer: 2d Mo., Lieut.-Col. Bernard Laiboldt; 15th Mo., Col. Francis J. Joliat. Brigade loss: k, 8; w, 34; m, 22 = 64. Unattached: Fremont Hussars Mo. Cavalry, Major Emeric Meszaros; 5th Mo. Cavalry (Benton Hussars), Col. Joseph Nemett; 1st Mo. Horse Battery, Capt. G. M. Elbert; 2d Ohio Battery, Lieut. W. B. Chapman. Loss: k, 12; w, 29: m, 14 = 55.

Third division, Col. Jefferson C. Davis. First Brigade, Col. Thomas Pattison: 8th Ind., Col. William P. Benton; 18th Ind., Lieut.-Col. Henry D. Washburn; 22d Ind., Lieut.-Col. John A. Hendricks (m w), Major David W. Daily, Jr.; 1st Ind. Battery, Capt. Martin Klauss. Brigade loss: k, 17; w, 88; in, 6 = 111. Second Brigade, Col. Julius White: 37th Ill., Lieut.-Col. M. S. Barnes; 59th Ill., Lieut.-Col. C. H. Frederick; Peoria Ill. Battery, Capt. P. Davidson. Brigade loss: k, 29; w, 195; in, 3 = 227. Cavalry: 1st Mo., Col. C. A. Ellis. Loss: k, 2; w, 2; m, 2 = 6.

Fourth division, Col. Eugene A. Carr (w). Staff loss: w, 1. First Brigade, Col. Grenville M. Dodge: 35th Ill., Col. Gustavus A. Smith (w), Lieut.-Col. William P. Chandler (c); 4th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. John Galligan (w); 1st Iowa, Battery, Capt. Junius A. Jones (w), Lieut. V. J. David. Brigade loss: k, 35; w, 200; m, 55 = 290. Second Brigade, Col. William Vandever: 9th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Francis J. Herron (w and c), Major William H. Coyl (w); Phelps's Mo., Col. John S. Phelps (w); 3d 111. Cavalry, Major John McConnell; 3d Iowa Battery, Captain Mortimer M. Hayden. Brigade loss: k, 61; w, 300; m, 30 = 391. Unattached; 3d Iowa Cavalry, Col. Cyrus Bussey (during a part of the battle Col. Bussey had command of other troops in addition to his own regiment), Lieut.-Col. Henry H. Trimble (w); Bowen's Battalion Mo. Cavalry, Major Wm. D. Bowen; 3d Mo. Infantry, Major Joseph Conrad; 24th Mo. Infantry, Major Eli W. Weston. Loss: k, 28; w, 36; m, 18 = 82. Total loss in the Union Army (revised returns): 203 killed, 980 wounded, and 201 captured or missing,--total, 1384.


Composition and losses of the Confederate army.

Major-General Earl Van Dorn.
Missouri State Guard, Major-General Sterling Price. Confederate volunteers: Escort, Cearnal's Battalion Cavalry, Lieut.-Col. J. T. Cearnal (w). First Brigade, Col. Henry Little: 1st Cavalry, Col. Elijah Gates; 1st Infantry, Col. John Q. Burbridge; 2d Infantry, Col. Benjamin A. Rives (m w), Lieut.-Col. J. A. Pritchard; 1st Battery, Capt. William Wade; 2d Battery, Capt. S. Churchill Clark (k), Lieut. James L. Farris. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. William Y. Slack (m w), Col. Thomas H. Rosser: Battalion Infantry, Col. John T. Hughes; Battalion Infantry, Major R. S. Bevier; Battalion Infantry, Col. Thomas H. Rosser; Battalion Cavalry, Col. G. W. Riggins; Light Battery, Capt. Wm. Lucas.. Brigade loss: k, 5; w, 37--42. Third Brigade, Col. Colton Greene. Brigade loss: k, 6; w, 59 = 65. State troops, Second Division, Brig.-Gen. Martin E. Green. Third Division, Col. John B. Clark, Jr.: 1st Infantry, Major Rucker (w); 2d Infantry, Col. Congreve Jackson; 3d Infantry, Major Hutchinson; 4th and 5th Infantry (consolidated), Col. J. A. Poindexter (w); 6th Infantry, Lieut.-Col. Peacher. Division loss: k, 11; w, 101; m, 35 = 147. Fifth Division, Col. James P. Saunders: detachments of infantry, cavalry, and Kelly's battery of artillery. Division loss: k, 9; w, 32 = 41. Sixth Division, Major D. H. Lindsay: detachments of infantry and Gorham's battery of artillery. Division loss: w, 13; m, 34 = 47. Seventh and Ninth Divisions, Brig.-Gen. D. M. Frost: detachments of infantry and cavalry and Guibor's and MacDonald's batteries of artillery; also included the Third Brigade of Volunteers given above. Eighth Division, Brig.-Gen. James S. Rains: Infantry under Col. William H. Erwin, Lieut.-Cols. John P. Bowman, A. J. Pearcy, and Stemmons; Bledsoe's battery, and Shelby's company of cavalry. Division loss: k, 2; w, 26 = 28.

McCulloch's division, Brig.-Gen. Ben. McCulloch (k), Col. E. Greer. Infantry Brigade, Col. Louis Hebert (c), Col. Evander McNair: 4th Ark., Col. Evander McNair, Lieut.-Col. Samuel Ogden; 14th Ark., Col. M. C. Mitchell; 16th Ark., Col. J. F. Hill; 17th Ark., Col. F. A. Rector; 21st Ark., Col. D. McRae; 3d Louisiana, Major W. F. Tunnard (c), Capt. W. S. Gunnell. Cavalry Brigade, Brig.-Gen. James McIntosh (k): 1st Ark. Mounted Rifles, Col. J. T. Churchill; 2d Ark. Mounted Rifles, Col. B. T. Embry; 3d Texas, Col. E. Greer, Lieut.-Col. Walter P. Lane; 4th Texas, Col. Wm. B. Sims (w), Lieut.-Col. William Quayle; 6th Texas, Col. B. W. Stone; 11th Texas, Lieut.-Col. James J. Dimond. Artillery: Hart's, Provence's, Gaines's, and Good's batteries.

Pikers command, Brig.-Gen. Albert Pike. Cherokee Regiment, Col. Stand Watie; Cherokee Regiment, Col. John Drew; Creek Regiment, Col. D. N. McIntosh; Squadron Texas Cavalry, Capt. O. G. Welch.

other troops (not included in preceding roster): 1st Battalion Ark. Cavalry, Major W. H. Brooks; Battalion Texas Cavalry, Major R. P. Crump; Battalion Texas Mounted Rifles, Major J. W. Whitfield; Teel's Texas Battery; 19th Ark. Infantry, Lieut.-Col. P. R. Smith; 22d Ark. Infantry, Col. G. W. King. The Confederate loss is reported at 800 to 1,000 killed and wounded, and between 200 and 300 prisoners.


Strength of the opposing forces.

The effective force of the Union Army did not exceed 10,500 infantry and cavalry, with 49 pieces of artillery. (See Official Records, VIII., p. 196.)

The effective strength of the Confederate Army was as follows: Price's command, 6818, with 8 batteries of artillery ( Official Records, VIII., p. 305); McCulloch's command, 8384, with 4 batteries of 18 pieces ( Official Records, VIII., p. 763); and Pike's command, 1,000 ( Official Records, VIII., p. 288), making an aggregate of 16,202 infantry and cavalry. ).

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