Our losses in the fighting of these three days amounted to five hundred is killed, wounded, and missing; of the latter, there were but few. The enemy's loss was much greater, particularly in prisoners.
Our captures also included light guns, flags, and small-arms.
The Army of the Potomac, moving in pursuit of Lee
, was required to protect itself on one side from any possible attack of the enemy, and to extend its protection, on the other side, to Washington
These successful engagements of our cavalry left our infantry free to march, without the loss of an hour, to the field of Gettysburg
, where the Army of the Potomac was destined to deliver the blow which, more than any other, was to determine the issue of the rebellion.
The limits of this article will forbid following our divisions of cavalry on their marches to Gettysburg
It must be mentioned that at Frederick, Maryland
, the addition of the cavalry formerly commanded by General Stahl
, made it necessary to organize a third division, the command of which was given to General Kilpatrick
. General Buford
, with his division, in advance of our army, on July 1st, first encountered the enemy in the vicinity of Gettysburg
How well his brigades of regulars and volunteers resisted the advance of that invading host, yielding only foot by foot, and so slowly as to give ample time for our infantry to go to his support, is well known to every one familiar with the history of the great battle.
's division marched from Frederick
well to the right, at Hanover
engaged the enemy's cavalry in a sharp skirmish, and reached Gettysburg
on the 1st, and on the left of our line, on the-3d, one of his brigades, led by General Farnsworth
, gallantly charged the enemy's infantry, even to his line of defenses, and protected that flank from any attack, with the assistance of General Merritt
's regular brigade. General Gregg
's Division, having crossed the Potomac
at Edwards' Ferry, in rear of our army, passed through Frederick
, and, on the afternoon of July 1st, was at Hanover Junction
, and reached Gettysburg
on the morning of the 2d, taking position on the right of our line.
On the 3d, during that terrific fire of artillery, which preceded the gallant but unsuccessful assault of Pickett
's Division on our line, it was discovered that Stuart
's cavalry was moving to our right, with the evident intention of passing to the rear, to make a simultaneous attack there.
What the consequence of the success of this movement would have been, the merest tyro in the art of war will understand.
When opposite our right, Stuart
was met by General Gregg
, with two of his brigades (Colonels McIntosh
and Irvin Gregg
), and Custer
's Brigade of the Third