to General Mulford
, and by him communicated to the Federal
If anybody disputes it, I appeal to him for proof.
More than once I urged the mortality at Andersonville
as a reason for haste, yet there was delay from August until November in sending transportation for the sick and wounded, for whom no equivalents were asked.
It was during that interval that the largest proportionate mortality occurred at Andersonville
Although the terms of my offer did not require the Federal
authorities to deliver any equivalents for the ten or fifteen thousand I promised, yet some thirty-five hundred sick and wounded Confederate prisoners were delivered at that time.
I can call upon every Federal and Confederate officer and man who saw that cargo of living death, and who is familiar with the character of the deliveries made by the Confederate
authorities, to bear witness that none such was ever made by the latter, even when the very sick and desperately wounded alone were requested.
For on two occasions at least in 1864, such men were specially asked for, hospital boats were sent, and particular request was made for those who were so desperately sick that it would be doubtful whether they would survive a removal a few miles down James river
Accordingly, Confederate hospitals in Richmond
were searched for the worst cases, and after they were delivered they were taken to Annapolis
, Congress was invited to inspect them, and for the benefit of those who did not see them they were photographed as specimens of Confederate barbarity, and illustrations of the manner in which Union soldiers were treated in the ordinary Southern prisons.
The photographs of the sick and diseased men at Annapolis
were terrible indeed, but the misery they portrayed was surpassed at Savannah
In the winter of 1864-65, General Grant
took control of matters relating to exchanges, and my correspondence on that subject took place with him. The result was the delivery of a large number of prisoners on both sides, chiefly during the months of February and March, 1865, too late for the returned Confederate soldiers to be of any service to a cause which, even before those dates, had become desperate.
These deliveries were officer for officer according to grade, and man for man, the excess remaining in captivity.
The deliveries made by the Confederates
were made at several points, east and west, as fast as possible, and their equivalents were received in James river
In carrying out his agreements and arrangements with me, I found General Grant
to be scrupulously correct.
He never deviated in the slightest from his contracts.
On the occupation of Richmond
I followed General Lee