The history of the Army of the Potomac in the Gettysburg campaign
has never been written.
That army was unfortunate in having two commanders, General Hooker
having been relieved at Frederick City, Maryland, about a week before the battle of Gettysburg
, by General Meade
. General Meade
's report of the campaign embraces only the time he was in command, and, as a consequence, the operations of the army up to Frederick City are not recorded, except in subordinate reports.
As the commander of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac, I occupied the same personal relations to the commanders of that army-Generals Hooker
--that General Longstreet
held with General Lee
I, therefore, feel constrained to review the campaign of Gettysburg
, as presented by General Longstreet
, to enable the public to arrive at a proper understanding of the relative merits of the armies of the North and South in that campaign.
states that on the 3d of June, 1863, the movement of General Lee
's army from Fredericksburg
commenced, and that on the 8th two full corps and Stuart
's cavalry were concentrated at Culpepper Court-House.
He further says: “That on the 9th of June, a large force of Federals, cavalry and infantry, had been thrown across the Rappahannock
, and sent to attack Stuart
They were encountered at Brandy Station
, on the morning of the 9th, and repulsed.”
also expresses the opinion that if there was an occasion which justified General Lee
in departing from his plan of campaign, viz., offensive strategy and defensive tactics, it was at this battle of Beverly ford