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[529]

Other charges were made by the columns of the enemy, but in every instance were they driven back. Defeated at every point, the enemy withdrew to his left, and in passing the wood in which the First New Jersey Cavalry was posted, that regiment gallantly and successfully charged the flank of his column. Heavy skirmishing was still maintained by the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry with the enemy, and was continued until nightfall. During the engagement, a portion of this regiment made a very handsome and, successful charge upon one of the enemy's regiments. The enemy retired his columns behind his artillery, and at dark withdrew from his former position. At this time I was at liberty to relieve the First Brigade, Third Division, which was directed to join its division. Our own and the enemy's loss, during this engagement, was severe. Ours, one officer killed, seventeen officers wounded, and one officer missing; enlisted men killed, thirty-three; wounded, forty; missing, one hundred and three.

On the morning of the 4th, I advanced to the enemy's position, but found him gone. Following toward Hunterstown, I found many of his wounded abandoned. From these we learned that the enemy had been severely punished and his loss heavy. One general officer of the enemy was seriously wounded. ...

It will be seen that General Gregg fought a defensive fight. That “the importance of stubbornly resisting an attack at this point, which, if successful, would have been productive of the most serious consequences,” determined him “to retain the brigade of the Third Division until the enemy were driven back.” This, then, was all that he strove to accomplish — to drive the enemy back in case he should attack. Again, Gregg's report says: “Other charges were made by the columns of the enemy, but in every instance were they driven back. Defeated at every point the enemy withdrew to his left,” etc. If, then, Gregg succeeded in resisting the attack made upon him by Stuart, it is evident that the victory belongs to and was properly claimed by him.

Let us now turn to the official report of General Stuart, which is dated August 20th, 1863, and is addressed to Colonel R. H. Chilton, Chief-of-Staff, Army of Northern Virginia. The report, after detailing the movements of Stuart's forces prior to his arrival in the vicinity of Gettysburg, gives the following account of his operations during the battle :1

1 The portion of General Stuart's report referring to the operations of his command during the battle of Gettysburg is now for the first time printed. The original report, in the possession of the War Department, is one connected paper, giving a history of the part taken by his troopers from the very beginning to the close of the campaign. That portion of the report which refers only to Stuart's operations after Gettysburg, commencing with the paragraph next to the last of the extract here quoted, “during the night of the 3d,” etc., was published by the Southern Historical Society (Vol. II., Southern Historical Society Papers, page 65) as an entire report, and is entitled “General J. E. B. Stuart's Report of Operations after Gettysburg.” It may be unjust to the editors of that magazine to suggest that the cause of truth is not advanced by the publication of the tail-end of General Stuart's report, which chronicles the events of his successful flight into Virginia, and by consigning to oblivion that portion which narrates the defeat of his forces in the greatest effort made by him during the campaign — the battle itself.

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