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[673] neglect of duty. This latter trait is said to have, in some measure, characterized General Lee. It did not characterize Stuart. He was a very stern man where he had convinced himself that there was wilful opposition to his orders, or even a failure, from negligence, to comply with them. From this resulted a very excellent state of discipline, generally, and a wholesome indisposition to act in opposition to his known wishes, or brave his displeasure. He had none of the mock dignity of small men in command, and spoke and acted with entire naturalness. Often his utterances were full of rough humor. Having reported to him, on one occasion, that a force of Federal cavalry had crossed the Rappahannock below Fleetwood, and were drawn up on the southern bank, I received from him the order: “Well, tell Colonel Beale to lick into 'em, and jam 'em right over the river.” At Fredericksburg, in the evening, when one of his officers sent a courier to ask how the battle was going, his answer was: “Tell him Jackson has not advanced, but I have, and that I am going on, crowding 'em with artillery.” While conversing with him, one day, in regard to his hazardous expedition around General McClellan's army, on the Chickahominy, I said that, if attacked while crossing below, he would certainly have been obliged to surrender, when his reply was: “No, one other course was left — to die game!” In these straightforward and unceremonious utterances, Stuart expressed his character, that of the hard-fighting cavalryman, revealed as he worded it on another occasion — to “go through, or die trying.” Returning to him as he appeared in camp, it may be said that he was both a lovable and a provoking person-lovable from the genuine. warmth of his character, and provoking from the apparent disregard of the feelings of those around him, or, at least, from his proneness to amuse himself at any and everybody's expense. When the humor seized him, he laughed at nearly everybody. General Lee he invariably spoke of, as he treated him, with profound respect; but he even made merry with so great a man as Jackson, or “Old Stonewall,” as he affectionately styled him. The two distinguished men seemed to have a sincere friendship for each other, which always impressed me as a very singular circumstance indeed; but so it was. They were strongly contrasted in character and temperament, for Stuart was the most impulsive and Jackson the most reserved and reticent of men. But it was plain that a strong bond of mutuall admiration and confidence united them. Jackson would visit Stuart, and hold long confidential conversations with him, listening to his views with evident attention; and Stuart exhibited, on the

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