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[754] an interior line of the arc on which Morgan moved. And though his force was delayed almost an entire day in effecting a crossing of Green river, which was swollen by late rains, it reached Elizabethtown, on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, on the evening of the 7th--the day before Morgan got to Brandenburg. From Elizabethtown Judah marched west to Litchfield, a village on the “old Hartford” road, the only practicable route of escape for raiders if they failed to make a crossing at Brandenburg.

There is plenty of internal and external evidence to show that Burnside intended that Morgan should cross the river and run through Southern Indiana and Southern Ohio. The Federal general's plan had been all thrown away by the necessity to pursue the raiders, and protect his supplies and communications; and he very naturally might conclude that the best compensation for this sacrifice was to give the “Knights of the golden circle” of Indiana, and the Vallandighammers of Ohio, a touch of the quality of their Southern friends. To one who was in a position to know pretty well what was afoot at headquarters, it looked very much as if Burnside was first intent on inducing the Confederates to visit the Northern States, and, second, that, failing in this, he would not let them return South without a fight with forces sufficient to whip and break in pieces, if not capture, the command. All the Federal dispositions were, apparently, made with these two objects in view, and the troops and gunboats acted precisely as if they were carrying out the programme. It was, also, regarded that his invasion of the North rendered his capture morally certain.

I am of opinion that either orders were issued to the troops and gunboats not to prevent Morgan from entering Indiana, or that the commanders of both the naval and land forces manifested gross carelessness and want of enterprise at that point in the pursuit, neither of which characterized their operations at any other time from the 3d of July, when the chase began, to the 26th, when it closed. I think it is clear, from Duke's account of the crossing at Brandenburg, that the master of the gunboat “Elk” offered the rebels very “judicious” resistance. Duke says: “A single well-aimed shot from her would have sent either of the boats to the bottom, and caused the loss of every man on board.” But it does not look as if Lieutenant Fitch, who commanded her, cared to do more than annoy and delay, withal hindering, Morgan's enterprise in beginning a campaign “on Yankee soil,” thus giving Hobson and Judah advantages in the pursuit which rendered the final capture of the rebels more certain. But, whatever may have been the orders

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John H. Morgan (5)
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