clothed and subsisted, after enrolment, in the same manner as other persons in the Quartermaster's service. 3d. In view of the small force under your command, and the inability of the Government at the present time to increase it, in order to guard the plantations and settlements occupied by the United States from invasion, and protect the inhabitants thereof from captivity and murder by the enemy, you are also authorized to arm, uniform, equip, and receive into the service of the United States, such number of volunteers of African descent as you may deem expedient, not exceeding five thousand, and may detail officers to instruct them in military drill, discipline, and duty, and to command them. The persons so received into service, and their officers, to be entitled to, and receive, the same pay and rations as are allowed, by law, to volunteers in the service. 4th. You will occupy, if possible, all the islands and plantations heretofore occupied by the Government, and secure and harvest the crops, and cultivate and improve the plantations. 5th. The population of African descent that cultivate the lands and perform the labor of the rebels constitute a large share of their military strength, and enable the white masters to fill the rebel armies, and wage a cruel and murderous war against the people of the Northern States. By reducing the laboring strength of the rebels, their military power will be reduced. You are therefore authorized by every means in your power, to withdraw from the enemy their laboring force and population, and to spare no effort, consistent with civilized warfare, to weaken, harass, and annoy them, and to establish the authority of the Government of the United States within your Department. 6th. You may turn over to the navy any number of colored volunteers that may be required for the naval service. 7th. By recent act of Congress, all men and boys received into the service of the United States, who may have been the slaves of rebel masters, are, with their wives, mothers, and
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Chapter 3 : up the St. Mary 's.
Chapter 4 : up the St. John 's.
Chapter 5 : out on picket.
Chapter 6 : a night in the water.
Chapter 7 : up the Edisto .
Chapter 8 : the Baby of the regiment.
Chapter 9 : negro Spirituals.
Chapter 10 : life at camp Shaw .
Chapter 11 : Florida again?
Chapter 12 : the negro as a soldier.
Appendix D: the struggle for pay.
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