mean negroes at all; and when “all men” were spoken of negroes were not included?
I am satisfied that five years ago that proposition was not put upon paper by any living being any where.
I have been unable at any time to find a man in an audience who would declare that he had ever known of any body saying so five years ago. But last year there was not a Douglas popular sovereign in Illinois
who did not say it. Is there one in Ohio
but declares his firm belief that the Declaration of Independence
did not mean negroes at all?
I do not know how this is; I have not been here much; but I presume you are very much alike every where.
Then I suppose that all now express the belief that the Declaration of Independence
never did mean negroes.
I call upon one of them to say that he said it five years ago.
If you think that now, and did not think it then, the next thing that strikes me is to remark that there has been a change
wrought in you, and a very significant change it is, being no less than changing the negro, in your estimation, from the rank of a man to that of a brute.
They are taking him down, and placing him, when spoken of, among reptiles and crocodiles, as Judge Douglas
himself expresses it.
Is not this change wrought in your minds a very important change?
Public opinion in this country is every thing.
In a nation like ours this popular sovereignty and squatter sovereignty have already wrought a change in the public mind to the extent I have stated.
There is no man in this crowd who can contradict it.
Now, if you are opposed to slavery honestly, as much as any body, I ask you to note that fact, and the like of which is to follow, to be plastered on, layer after layer, until very soon you are prepared to deal with the negro every where us with the brute.
If public sentiment has not been debauched already to this point, a new turn of the screw in that direction is all that is wanting; and this is constantly being done by the teachers of this insidious popular sovereignty.
You need but one or two turns further until your minds, now ripening under these teachings, will be ready for all these things, and you will receive and support, or submit to, the slave-trade, revived with all its horrors, a slave code enforced in our Territories, and a new Dred Scott
decision to bring slavery up into the very heart of the free North
This, I must, say, is but carrying out those words prophetically spoken by Mr. Clay
, many, many years ago — I believe more than thirty years, when he told an audience that if they would repress all tendencies to liberty and ultimate emancipation, they must go back to the era of our independence and muzzle the cannon which thundered its annual joyous return on the Fourth of July ; they must blow out the moral lights around us ; they must penetrate the human soul and eradicate the love of liberty; but until they did these things, and others eloquently enumerated by him, they could not repress all tendencies to ultimate emancipation.
I ask attention to the fact that in a pre-eminent degree these popular sovereigns are at this work; blowing out the moral lights around us; teaching that the negro is no longer a man but a brute; that the Declaration has nothing to do with him ; that he ranks with the crocodile and the reptile ; that man, with body and soul, is a matter of dollars and cents.
I suggest to this portion of the Ohio Republicans
, or Democrats, if there be any present, the serious consideration of this fact, that there is now going on among you a steady process of debauching public opinion on this subject.
With this, my friends, I bid you adieu.