above Harper's Ferry
, and continued his northward march into Maryland
prudently followed on the “inside track” as Mr. Lincoln
had suggested, interposing the Union
army effectually to guard Washington
But at this point a long-standing irritation and jealousy between Hooker
became so acute that on the general-in-chief
's refusing a comparatively minor request, Hooker
asked to be relieved from command.
The President, deeming divided counsel at so critical a juncture more hazardous than a change of command, took Hooker
at his word, and appointed General George G. Meade
as his successor.
had, since Chancellorsville
, been as caustic a critic of Hooker
was of Burnside
at and after Fredericksburg
But all spirit of insubordination vanished in the exciting stress of a pursuing campaign, and the new and retiring leaders of the Army of the Potomac exchanged compliments in General Orders with high chivalric courtesy, while the army continued its northward march with undiminished ardor and unbroken step.
crossed the Pennsylvania
was already far ahead, threatening Harrisburg
The Confederate invasion spread terror and loss among farms and villages, and created almost a panic in the great cities.
Under the President
's call for one hundred thousand six months militia, six of the adjoining States were sending hurried and improvised forces to the banks of the Susquehanna
, under the command of General Couch
, finding that stream too well guarded; turned his course directly east, which, with Meade
marching to the north, brought the opposing armies into inevitable contact and collision at the town of Gettysburg
had both expected and carefully prepared