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Chapter 9.

  • The senatorial contest in Illinois-“House divided against itself” speech the Lincoln
  • -- Douglas debates -- the Freeport Doctrine -- Douglas Deposed from chairmanship of Committee on Territories -- Benjamin on Douglas -- Lincoln's popular majority -- Douglas gains legislature -- Greeley, Crittenden, et al.-“the fight must go on” -- Douglas's Southern speeches -- Senator Brown's questions -- Lincoln's warning against popular sovereignty -- the War of pamphlets -- Lincoln's Ohio speeches -- the John Brown raid -- Lincoln's comment
    The hostility of the Buchanan administration to Douglas for his part in defeating the Lecompton Constitution, and the multiplying chances against him, served only to stimulate his followers in Illinois to greater efforts to secure his reelection. Precisely the same elements inspired the hope and increased the enthusiasm. of the Republicans of the State to accomplish his defeat. For a candidate to oppose the “Little giant,” there could be no rival in the Republican ranks to Abraham Lincoln. He had in 1854 yielded his priority of claim to Trumbull; he alone had successfully encountered Douglas in debate. The political events themselves seemed to have selected and pitted these two champions against each other. Therefore, when the Illinois State convention on June 16, 1858, passed by acclamation a separate resolution, “That Abraham Lincoln is the first and only choice of the Republicans ”

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