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[84]

It will be noticed by those who have watched the desultory controversy maintained upon this subject, that after I had proved the fallacy of Gen-Pendleton's and General Early's idea of a sunri se attack, they fall back upon the charge that I delayed bringing my troops into action, waiving all question of an order from General Lee. I have shown that I did not receive orders from General Lee to attack until about 11 o'clock on the 2d; that I immediately began my dispositions for attack; that I waited about forty minutes for Laws' brigade, by General Lee's assenting authority; that by especial orders from General Lee my corps marched into position by a circuitous route, under the direction and conduct of Col. Johnson of his staff of engineers; that Colonel Johnson's orders were to keep the march of the troops concealed, and that I hurried Hood's division forward in the face of these orders, throwing them into line by a direct march, and breaking up the delay occasioned by the orders of Geni. Lee. I need only add that every movement or halt of the troops on that day was made in the immediate presence of General Lee, or in his sightcertainly within reach of his easy and prompt correction. I quote in this connection the order that I issued to the heads of departments in my corps on the 1st. I present the order issued to Colonel Walton of the artillery, similar orders having been issued to the division commanders:

[Order.]

headquarters First army corps, near Gettysburg, July 18, 5:30 P. M.
Colonel: The Commanding-General desires you to come on to-night as fast as you can without distressing your men or animals. Hill and Ewell have sharply engaged the enemy and you will be needed for to-morrow's battle. Let us know where you will stop to-night. ...

Respectfully, G. M. Sorrell, A. A. General. To Colonel J. B. Walton, Chief of Artillery.1

I offer also a report made by General Hood touching this march. He says:

While lying in camp near Chambersburg information was received that Hill and Ewell were about. to come into contact with the enemy near Gettysburg. My troops, together with McLaws' division, were at once put in motion upon the most direct road to that point, which we reached after a hard march at or before sunrise on July the 2d. So imperative had been our orders to hasten forward with all possible speed that on the march my troops were allowed to halt and rest only about two hours during the night from the 1st to the 2d of July.

It appears to me that the gentlemen who made the above-mentioned charges against me have chosen the wrong point of attack. With their motives I have nothing to-do; but I cannot help suggesting that if they had charged me with having precipitated the battle instead of having

1 I am indebted to Colonel Walton for a copy of this order,

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