to Knoxville, sixty women and girls stood by the roadside waving Union flags and shouting: “Hurrah for the Union.” Old ladies rushed out of their houses and wanted to see General Burnside and shake hands with him, and cried: “Welcome, welcome, General Burnside, welcome to East-Tennessee!” A meeting of the Union citizens of Knoxville was held and addressed by General Burnside and General Carter. It was attended by about five hundred men, and a large number of women and children. The demonstrations were not boisterous, but there was intense, quiet rejoicing. Men who had been hidden for months, came in, full of gratitude for their deliverance. The people of Knoxville made many inquiries for Parson Brownlow, who has their confidence as no other man has. They thought the old flag, supported by United States bayonets, meant Brownlow, and will look for him daily until he comes. The people of East-Tennessee generally want to see Andy Johnson, whom they look upon as a sort of political high-priest. The reception that awaits Johnson and Brownlow will be a remarkable exhibition of the enthusiastic devotion of people who have suffered to those who have been true to their cause. About Knoxville the people were pointing out the hiding places of rebel stores, and were zealous in so doing. The prominent secessionists at Knoxville fled with Buckner. There are a few left who have assisted the secession blood-hounds, and the popular expression was: “They must leave here or they must die. They can't live here.” Intelligence was received that the rebels were prepared to make a stand at Cumberland Gap. Burnside was not afraid of their standing, but of their running, and on the fifth, despatched General Shackleford from Knoxville to cut off all means of escape. On the seventh General Burnside left Knoxville with a force of cavalry and artillery, and arrived at Shackleford's headquarters early on the morning of the ninth. General De Courcey, who had advanced upon the Gap, direct from London, Kentucky, was hemming the rebels in on the north side. The rebel force was commanded by General Frazer, of Mississippi. He had, when rumors of Burnside's movements reached Buckner, been ordered by that General to fall back to Knoxville, but the order was countermanded by Johnston, and Frazer's instructions were to hold the Gap to the last extremity. When Burnside arrived, Frazer had been summoned to surrender by both De Coucey and Shackleford, and had returned a firm refusal. Burnside sent an officer with a flag of truce, demanding an unconditional surrender, instructing the officer to wait for an answer at the picketline only one hour. At the expiration of the hour, no answer having been given, the officer withdrew. Preparations for an immediate attack were made, but in fifteen minutes General Frazer sent a flag of truce, offering to surrender the position, provided he and his men were paroled on the spot. General Burnside responded that under the cartel of the United States Government and the confederates for the exchange of prisorers, Frazer had no right to stipulate for a parol on the spot, and that he must insist upon the surrender being unconditional. Pretty soon General Frazer sent a very politely worded letter, saying he was convinced that he could not resist the force brought against him, and he would yield to the fortunes of war. His brigade consisted of two North-Carolina, one Virginia, and one Georgia regiment, and some artillery companies, with fourteen guns. The Georgia regiment was the Fifty-fifth, and was eight hundred strong. The effective force was above two thousand men. The prisoners are on their way to this place, and will arrive here some time this week. The North-Carolina and Virginia regiments were small, owing to desertions. They were bitterly dissatisfied with the war. A vote was taken a few days before the surrender, by the North-Carolina regiments, (that is, the regiments were polled to ascertain the sentiments of the soldiers,) and there was a considerable majority in favor of giving up the Southern Confederacy and restoring the Union! The Georgians, however, were fighting men, and the regiment composed of them was the only reliable one General Frazer had. On the seventh, two days before the surrender, two companies of Shackleford's men penetrated the rebel lines, and burned the mill upon which the garrison at the Gap depended for their supply of flour. It was a hazardous and brilliant affair. When Shackleford's advance was at Tazewell, they were fired upon by a rebel company of home guards, and one man was killed. This was the only casualty of the campaign! General Burnside expected to leave the Gap on Thursday, (tenth,) to return to Knoxville. The information given of the outrages committed by the secessionists, confirm and more than confirm all that Brownlow has had to say of them. There is hardly a neighborhood in which Union men have not been murdered, and hundreds of them have been hidden for months in caves in the mountains, and supplied with food by the women. The able-bodied males were all absent in the army or wandering in exile. The roads in South-Eastern Kentucky now swarm with them, returning to their long deserted homes. The women and old men and children have done a wonderful work raising crops. The wheat crop was very large and heavy, and supplies collected by the rebels fell into our hands at Knoxville and elsewhere. The country is full of corn, mostly raised by women, and there will be no difficulty in supplying the army from the territory it occupies. Guerrilla warfare is not feared, as the loyalty of the inhabitants will prevent it. Kentucky also is becoming settled. There is not a symptom of bushwhackers from Covington to Cumberland Gap. A traveller could ride from here to Knoxville undisturbed. The people of East-Tennessee care little about the “policy of the Administration.” All they
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