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[162] caps to the man were found in their pouches. Originally short, they had received forty-two thousand through the lines since the investment. Of cartridges they had very few.

Their medicines were scanty. Nearly six thousand men in hospital and continually exposed to the dangers of plunging shells; delicate women and tender children crying for bread and wailing for the loss of friends around them. It must have been a strong heart that could have held out longer.

One cause for determining the time was undoubtedly the apprehension that on the Fourth General Grant would attack. The result would be the sack and pillage of the city and great slaughter. The capitulation avoided all without loss of honor.

At nine in the morning of the Fourth accordingly, General McPherson was sent into the lines to receive the surrender. He met General Pemberton at an old stone house about half a mile from the lines, and had conversed some minutes when General Grant rode upon the ground. After a brief consultation they rode into the town. Major-General Logan had already received orders to march into the town and establish a provost-guard. This was, perhaps, a fitting token of the appreciation of that officer's wonderful earnestness and gallantry in the siege. Lieutenant-Colonel Strong and Colonel Coalbagh, aids to General McPherson, rode on in advance with the National flag, which was hoisted over the Court-House, and its folds flung to the breeze at half-past 11 o'clock. The crowd which followed them sung out in stirring tones the well-known song, “Rally round the flag,” and as the last echoes died away the town clock chimed the hour of noon. The ceremony was complete, the majesty of the national emblem was vindicated in the midst of its erratic and rebellious children.

The arms were stacked on the ground where the men were encamped, and as our forces entered the men sat or stood in mute amazement at the movements of our troops. There was no conflict and but very little visible excitement beyond the cheering of our troops. The day was dusty and hot, and the roads were in places literally a fine powder to the depth of ten inches.

At noon an order was received at Chickasaw Bayou for the steamers to be in readiness to leave for Vicksburgh, and before three o'clock a long line of steamers filed down to the wharf.

General Ellet, with the Marine brigade, was the first to land, Admiral Porter next, then the lower fleet, and finally the long line of transports, commissary boats, tugs, barges, etc., from the Yazoo River. Such a fleet of steamers of all dimensions the city has never seen at its levee before.

The first fruits of the victory are, as nearly as they can be estimated in the confusion attendant upou our entry, as follows: An officer on the staff of General Pemberton informs me that they had upon their last morning reports twenty-seven thousand and odd, officers and men. The officer who applied to our commissary for rations stated that he would require rations for thirty-one thousand soldiers. The latter is nearer the number we shall be called on to parole. Of these there are in the hospitals five thousand six hundred under medical treatment. Not more than fifteen thousand of them have been or are able for duty. Many of them are crawling about in what should be convalescent camps. Weakness from fatigue, short rations, and heat have left thousands decrepit. Four thousand citizens and negroes, besides the twenty-seven thousand soldiers, include all the souls within these walls.

Of public property there is little of any value beyond the cannon and ammunition. Thirty siege-guns, a hundred and two field-pieces, and fifty thousand stand of arms and equipments are among the captures. Eighty stand of colors, most of which, we regret to say, have been seized and torn to shreds as trophies by the excited troops. Of ammunition there is about one hundred rounds for each heavy gun, and twelve for light field-pieces. Of cartridges there is a limited quantity. Some of the guns are very superior; one, an English gun, six and a half inch diameter, rifled. Another, three inches and sixty-seven hundredths, a Brooks gun of great range, besides the old-fashioned ten-inch columbiad. It is surprising that there are so few heavy guns, but this is explained by the rebels in the loss of a great number at Grand Gulf, Haines's Bluff, Fort Pemberton, and Big Black. Two of their heavy guns have burst during this siege, and many of their field-pieces are disabled by our shot.

A considerable quantity of molasses, sugar, and tobacco was discovered, but of all other stores the quantity was quite limited.

Iv.--the City.

The appearance of the city after such an unparalleled bombardment, was naturally a point of much curiosity. We expected to see awful havoc from shells and the mortar-bombs. The first sight is a disappointment. The place is not damaged so much as might have been expected. Nearly every house has been shot through, it is true, but a hole made by a cannon-ball is in comparison but a small matter. Here and there were buildings with a corner blown out, and some with a bulge in the walls. Huge craters were to be seen in the streets, where the thirteen-inch shells had burst, the pillars of house-porches split and shattered to splinters. There is not, perhaps, a whole pane of glass within five miles of the Court-House. One church was riddled, while another near by was only scratched.

Hospital flags were stuck up on houses all over the city. There are not less than three hundred houses occupied as hospitals.

A very large fire occurred about three weeks previous to our entrance in a block of stores on Washington street. The stores are said to have contained flour and other commodities, which the owner was holding at exorbitant rates, and which the citizens or soldiers had set on fire. The Court-House, the most conspicuous building


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