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[194] a place of safety in the mountains. At Waynesboro, when Jenkins made a demand to see the authorities, they referred him to Capt. Dahlgren,. who, with his men, were drawn up in line of battle in another part of the town. Jenkins sent word that he would hang Captain Dahlgren and his men if they did not leave. They did not leave, however; a fight ensued, resulting in Jenkins being driven back six miles. Jenkins had five times as many men as Dahlgren. On this reconnoissance Captain Dahlgren destroyed one hundred and seventy-six loaded wagons, captured one wagon, two captains, and eleven men.

July second, Captain Coffin, of the Ninth New-York, with eighty men, was sent from near Gettysburgh up the Hagerstown pike on an important mission, which he successfully accomplished. He ascertained the exact position of the enemy and the whereabouts of his train, which would have been destroyed but for the error made in the movements of one of General Kilpatrick's brigades.

In sixteen days, one division of our cavalry has had fifteen battles, with infantry in nearly all to contend against, captured and destroyed nearly or quite one thousand loaded wagons, and between three and four thousand horses and mules; taken between four and five thousand rebel prisoners, destroyed one half of the rebel General Stuart's cavalry force, and so demoralized the balance that when a green (or blue) militia regiment, (the Philadelphia Blues,) with a regiment of Green Mountain Boys, attacked them while posted behind earth-works at Hagerstown, the whole command fled panic-stricken — or at Williamsport, where Custer's brigade of Michiganders, with Pennington's battery, captured more than man for man from an enemy whose force consisted of four times their numbers, and strongly located behind earth-works. This is cavalry fighting, the superior of which the world never saw. The cavalry also contributed largely to the success of our arms at Gettysburgh.

In claiming these results for the cavalry arm of the service, the flying artillery with it must not be forgotten. I speak more particularly of Pennington's and Elder's batteries, because circumstances have placed me in the way of realizing their worth. These batteries have contributed materially to the successes of the cavalry. Both the officers who command these batteries and the officers under them, are peculiarly well qualified to fill their positions, by reason of their experience, combined with a thorough knowledge of their branch of the profession of arms, and also from the fact that their hearts are in the work they have in hand.

This letter has already become too lengthy, or I would refer to the able surgeons attached to the cavalry command, of the skill and untiring industry of which this branch of the service can boast, as demonstrated in the persons of Pancost, Capehart, Phillips and others; of the patriotic ladies in the towns through which this command has passed during the last three weeks--especially the ladies of Boonsboro — who with their own fair hands made and presented flags to the commanders of several brigades; but these matters must be reserved for a more fitting occasion.

The following named persons were in the Washington Hotel Hospital, Hagerstown, July fourteenth:

Sergeant J. W. Woodbury, First Vermont cavalry--wounded in leg.

W. Judy, First Ohio, color-bearer to General Kilpatrick's body-guard — thigh.

J. S. Merritt, First Vermont cavalry--arm.

P. Welsh, First Michigan cavalry--back.

Daniel Horton, Eighteenth Pennsylvania cavalry--shoulder.

J. M. Austin, Seventh Michigan cavalry--scalp.

S. M. Conklin, Eighteenth Pennsylvania cavalry--shoulder.

George S. Spofford, First Vermont cavalry--arm.

Albert Shew, Philadelphia Blue reserves — shoulder.

Robert McNutt, Philadelphia Blue reserves — breast.

John Agin, Philadelphia Blue reserves — left hand.


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