Opposing forces at Seven Pines, May 31-June 1, 1862.
The composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records
K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured.
The Union Army.
Second Army Corps, Brig.-Gen. Edwin V. Sumner
first division, Brig.-Gen. Israel B. Richardson
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Oliver
(w), Col. Thomas J. Parker
: 5th N. H., Col. E. E. Cross
(w), Lieut.-Col. Samuel G. Langley
; 61st N. Y., Col. Francis C. Barlow
; 64th N. Y., Col. T. J. Parker
, Capt. Rufus Washburn
; 81st Pa., Col. James Miller
(k), Lieut.-Col. Charles F. Johnson
Brigade loss: k, 95; w, 398; in, 64=557. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Thomas F. Meagher
: 63d N. Y., Col. John Burke
; 69th N. Y., Col. Robert Nugent
; 88th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Patrick Kelly
Brigade loss: k, 7; w, 31; m, 1=39. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. William H. French
: 52d N. Y., Col. Paul Frank
; 57th N. Y., Col. Samuel K. Zook
; 66th N. Y., Col. Joseph C. Pinckney
; 53d Pa., Col. John R. Brooke
Brigade loss: k, 32; w, 188; m, 22 = 242. Artillery, Capt. G. W. Hazzard
: B, 1st N. Y., Capt. Rufus D. Pettit
; G, 1st N. Y., Capt. John D. Frank
; A and C, 4th U. S., Capt. G. W. Hazzard
Second division, Brig.-Gen. John Sedgwick
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Willis A. Gorman
: 15th Mass., Lieut.-Col. John W. Kimball
; 1st Minn., Col. Alfred Sully
; 34th N. Y., Col. James A. Suiter
; 82d N. Y., (2d Militia), Lieut.-Col. Henry W. Hudson
; 1st Co. Mass. Sharp-shooters, Capt. John Saunders
; 2d Co. Minn. Sharp-shooters, Capt. William F. Russell
. Brigade loss: k, 40; w, 153; m, 3 = 106. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. William W. Burns
: 69th Pa., Col. Joshua T. Owen
; 71st Pa., Maj. Charles W. Smith
; 72d Pa., Col. De Witt C. Baxter
; 106th Pa., Col. Turner G. Morehead
Brigade loss: k, 5; w, 30= 35. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. N. J. T. Dana
: 19th Mass., Col. Edward W. Hinks
; 20th Mass., Col. W. Raymond Lee
; 7th Mich., Col. Ira R. Grosvenor
, Maj. John H. Richardson
; 42d N. Y., Col. E. C. Charles
Brigade loss: k, 16; w, 95 = 111. Artillery, Col. Charles H. Tompkins
: A, 1st R. I., Capt. John A. Tompkins
; B, 1st R. I., Capt. Walter O. Bartlett
; G, 1st R. I., Capt. Charles D. Owen
; I, 1st U. S., Lieut. Edmund Kirby
Artillery loss: k, 1; w, 4 =5. Cavalry:
K, 6th N. Y., Capt. Riley Johnson
Third Army Corps, Brig.-Gen. S. P. Heintzelman
(commanded the Third and Fourth Corps, combined).
Second division, Brig.-Gen. Jos. Hooker
. Staff loss: w, 1.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Daniel E. Sickles
: 70th N. Y. (1st Excelsior), Maj. Thomas Holt
; 71st N. Y. (2d Excelsior), Col. George B. Hall
; 72d N. Y. (3d Excelsior), Col. Nelson Taylor
; 73d N. Y. (4th Excelsior), Maj. John D. Moriarty
, Capt. Charles B. Elliott
; 74th N. Y. (5th Excelsior), Col. Charles K. Graham
Brigade loss: k, 7; w, 61; m, 6=74. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Francis E. Patterson
, Col. Samuel H. Starr
: 5th N. J., Col. Samuel H. Starr
; Maj. John Ramsey
; 6th N. J., Col. Gershom Mott
Brigade loss: k, 9; w, 67; m, 3 =79. Artillery, Maj. Charles S. Wainwright
: D, 1st N. Y., Capt. Thos. W. Osborn
; 6th N. Y., Capt. Walter M. Bramhall
Third division, Brig-Gen. Phil. Kearny
. Staff loss: w, 1.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Charles D. Jameson
: 87th N. Y., Col. Stephen A. Dodge
(w), Lieut.-Col. Richard A. Bachia
; 57th Pa., Col. Charles T. Campbell
(w), Lieut-Col. E. W. Woods
; 63d Pa., Col. Alexander Hays
; 105th Pa., Col. Amor A. McKnight
(w). Brigade loss: k, 86; w, 297; m, 36=419. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. David B. Birney
, Col. J. H. H. Ward
: 3d Me., Col. Henry G. Staples
; 4th Me., Col. Elijah Walker
; 38th N. Y., Col. J. H. H. Ward
, Maj. William H. Baird
; 40th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Thomas W. Egan
Brigade loss: k, 23; w, 174; m, 10 =207.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Hiram G. Berry
: 2d Mich., Col. Orlando M. Poe
; 3d Mich., Col. S. G. Champlin
(w), Lieut.-Col. A. A. Stevens
; 5th Mich., Col. Henry D. Terry
; 37th N. Y., Lieut-Col. Gilbert Riordan
(temporarily), Col. Samuel B. Hayman
Brigade loss: k, 84; w, 344; m, 36 = 464.
Fourth Army Corps, Brig.-Gen. E. D. Keyes
8th Pa., Col. D. McM. Gregg
Loss: w, 2; m, 2 =4.
first division, Brig.-Gen. D. N. Couch
. Staff loss: w, 1.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John J. Peck
: 55th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Louis Thourot
; 62d N. Y., Col. J. Lafayette Riker
(k), Lieut.-Col. David J. Nevin
; 93d N. Y., Col. J. M. McCarter
(w), Capt. John E. Arthur
; 102d Pa., Col. Thomas A. Rowley
(w), Lieut.-Col. J. M. Kinkead
Brigade loss: k, 47; w, 236; m, 64 = 347. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John J. Abercrombie
: 65th N. Y. (1st U. S. Chasseurs), Col. John Cochrane
; 67th N. Y. (1st Long Island
), Col. Julius W. Adams
; 23d Pa., Col. Thomas H. Neill
; 31st Pa., Col. David H. Williams
; 61st Pa., Col. Oliver H. Rippey
(k), Capt. Robert L. Orr
Brigade loss: k, 124; w, 433; m, 67 = 624.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Charles Devens, Jr.
(w), Col. Charles H. Innes
: 7th Mass., Col. David A. Russell
; 10th Mass., Col. Henry S. Briggs
(w), Capt. Ozro Miller
; 36th N. Y., Col. Charles H. Innes
, Lieut.-Col. D. E. Hungerford
Brigade loss: k, 34; w, 136; m, 8 = 178. Artillery, Maj. Robert M. West
: C, 1st Pa., Capt. Jeremiah McCarthy
; D, 1st Pa., Capt. Edward H. Flood
; E, 1st Pa., Capt. Theodore Miller
; H, 1st Pa., Capt. James Brady
Artillery loss: k, 2; w, 12 = 14.
Second division, Brig.-Gen. Silas Casey
w, 1; m, 2 = 3.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry M. Naglee
: 11th Me., Col. Harris M. Plaisted
; 56th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. James
; 100th N. Y., Col. James M. Brown
(k); 52d Pa., Col. John C. Dodge, Jr.
; 104th Pa., Col. W. W. H. Davis
(w), Capt. Edward L. Rogers
Brigade loss: k, 89; w, 383; m, 167 = 639. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry W. Wessells
: 96th N. Y., Col. James Fairman
; 85th Pa., Col. Joshua B. Howell
; 101st Pa., Lieut.-Col. David B. Morris
(w), Capt. Charles W. May
; 103d Pa., Maj. A. W. Gazzam
Brigade loss: k, 35; w, 264; m, 59 == 358. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Innis N. Palmer
: 81st N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Jacob J. De Forest
(w), Capt. W. C. Raulston
; 85th N. Y., Col. J. S. Belknap
; 92d N. Y., Col. Lewis C. Hunt
(w), Lieut.-Col. Hiram Anderson, Jr.
; 98th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Charles Durkee
Brigade loss: k, 46; w, 251 ; m, 95= 392. Artillery, Col. Guilford D. Bailey
(k), Maj. D. H. Van Valkenburgh
(k), Capt. Peter C. Regan
: A, 1st N. Y., Lieut. George P. Hart
; H, 1st N. Y., Capt. Joseph Spratt
(w), Lieut. Charles E. Mink
; 7th N. Y., Capt. Peter C. Regan
; 8th N. Y., Capt. Butler Fitch
Artillery loss: k, 7; w, 28; m. 2 = 37. Unattached:
E, 1st U. S. Artillery, Lieut. Alanson M. Randol
Loss: k, 1; w, 3 = 4.
The total Union loss (Revised Official Returns) was 790 killed, 3594 wounded, and 647 captured or missing = 5031.
The Confederate Army.
right wing, Major-General James Longstreet
's division, Brig.-Gen. Richard H. Anderson
Kemper's Brigade, Col. James L. Kemper
: 1st Va.; 7th Va.; 11th Va.; 17th Va., Col. M. D. Corse
. Anderson's (R. H.) Brigade, Col. Micah Jenkins
: 5th S. C., Col. J. R. R. Giles
(k), Lieut.-Col. A. Jackson
; 6th S. C., Col. John Bratton
(w and c), Lieut.-Col. J. M. Steedman
; Palmetto (S. C.)
Sharp-shooters, Maj. William Anderson
; Va. Battery, Capt. Robert M. Stribling
. Pickett's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. George E. Pickett
: 8th Va., Lieut.-Col. N. Berkeley
; 18th Va., Col. R. E. Withers
; 19th Va., Col. John B. Strange
; 28th Va., Col. William Watts
; Va. Battery, Capt. James Dearing
Brigade loss: k and w, 350. Wilcox's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox
: 9th Ala., Lieut.-Col. Stephen F. Hale
; 10th Ala., Maj. J. J. Woodward
; 11th Ala., Col. Sydenham Moore
(m w); 19th Miss., Maj. John Mullins
Brigade loss: k and w, 110. Colston's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. R. E. Colston
: 13th N. C.; 14th N. C.; 3d Va. Pryor's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Roger A. Pryor
: 8th Ala.; 14th Ala.; 14th La.
's division, Maj.-Gen. Daniel H. Hill
Garland's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Samuel Garland, Jr.
: 2d Fla., Col. E. A. Perry
; 2d Miss. Battalion, Lieut.-Col. John G. Taylor
; 5th N. C., Col. D. K. McRae
, Maj. P. J. Sinclair
; 23d N. C., Col. Daniel H. Christie
, Lieut.-Col. R. D. Johnston
(w); 24th Va., Maj. Richard L. Maury
(w); 38th Va., Col. E. C. Edmonds
; Ala. Battery, Capt. J. W. Bondurant
Brigade loss: k, 98; w, 600; in, 42 = 740. Rodes's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. R. E. Rodes
(w), Col. John B. Gordon
: 5th Ala., Col. C. C. Pegues
; 6th Ala., Col. John B. Gordon
; 12th Ala., Col. R. T. Jones
(k), Lieut.-Col. B. B. Gayle
; 12th Miss., Col. W. H. Taylor
; 4th Va. Battalion, Capt. C. C. Otey
(k), Capt. John R. Bagby
; Va. Battery, Capt. Thomas H. Carter
Brigade loss: k, 241; w, 853; m, 5 = 1099. Rains's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Gabriel J. Rains
: 13th Ala., Col. D. B. Fry
(w); 26th Ala., Col. E. A. O'Neal
(w); 6th Ga.; 23d Ga. Featherston's Brigade, Col. George B. Anderson
: 27th Ga., Col. Levi B. Smith
(w), Lieut.-Col. Charles T. Zachry
; 28th Ga., Capt. John N. Wilcox
; 4th N. C., Maj. Bryan Grimes
; 49th Va., Col. William Smith
(w). Brigade loss: k, 149; w, 680; m. 37 = 866.
's division, Brig.-Gen. Benjamin Huger
Armistead's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Lewis A. Armistead
: 5th Va. Battalion; 9th Va., Col. D. J. Godwin
(w); 14th Va.; 53d Va., Col. H. B. Tomlin
. Mahone's Brigade, Brig.
: 3d Ala., Col. Tennent Lomax
(k) ; 12th Va.; 41st Va. Blanchard's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. A. G. Blanchard
: 3d Ga.; 4th Ga.; 22d Ga.; 1st La,
artillery (not previously mentioned) La. Battery, Capt. Victor Maurin
; Va. Battery, Capt. David Watson
Total loss of the Right Wing, as reported by Gen. Longstreet
: 816 killed, 3739 wounded, and 296 missing = 4851.
left wing, Major-General Gustavus W. Smith
. Couriers: Capt. R. W. Carter
's Co. 1st Va. Cav.
's division, Brig.-Gen. W. H. C. Whiting
Whiting's Brigade, Col. E. McIver Law
: 4th Ala.; 2d Miss.; 11th Miss.; 6th N. C. Brigade loss: k, 28; w, 286; m, 42 = 346. Hood's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John B. Hood
: 18th Ga., Col. W. T. Wofford
, or Lieut.-Col.
So Z. Ruff
; 1st Tex., Col. A. T. Rainey
; 4th Tex., Col. John Marshall
; 5th Tex., Col. James J. Archer
, Brigade loss: w, 13. Hampton's Brigade
, Brig.-Gen. Wade Hampton
, (w): 14th Ga.; 19th Ga.; 16th N. C.; Hampton (S. C.)
Legion, Lieut.-Col. M. W. Gary
Brigade loss: k, 45; w, 284=329. Hatton's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Robert Hatton
(k): 1st Tenn.; 7th Tenn.; 14th Tenn. Brigade loss: k, 44; w, 187; m, 13 = 244. Pettigrew's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. J. Pettigrew
(w and c): Arkansas Battalion; 35th Ga.; 22d N. C.; 47th Va. Brigade loss: k, 47; w, 240; m, 54 == 341.
The “Official Records
” indicate that Semmes
's and Griffith
's brigades were in position for action, but were not actually engaged.
The total loss of the Left Wing, as reported by General Smith
, was 164 killed, 1010 wounded, and 109 missing = 1283.
The aggregate Confederate loss on May 31st and June 1st was 980 killed, 4749 wounded, and 405 missing = 6134.
Relative strength of the opposing forces.
The following synopsis, from the “Records” and other data, is by General Gustavus W. Smith
The Union Army numbered 98,008, of which about 5000 were on detached service: “Present for duty,” Sumner's Corps, 17,412; Heintzelman's Corps, 16,999; Keyes's Corps, 17,132; Porter's Corps, 17,546; Franklin's Corps, 19,580; Engineers, Cavalry and Provost Guard, 4767.
Each corps was composed of two divisions of nearly equal strength.
The aggregate present for duty in the three Union Corps that were engaged was 51,543.
The number “in close action” on the Williamsburg road, May 31st, was about 11,853, with full complement of artillery; these included 4253 in Casey's division, about 4000 in Couch's division, and about 3600 in Kearny's division.
Near Fair Oaks, there were engaged about 9000, with 10 pieces of artillery: these included Sedgwick's division, about 7000, and 4 regiments of Couch's division, about 2000.
The Union troops engaged, June 1st, numbered about 14,000: Richardson's division, about 7000, with 4 batteries; 1 brigade of Kearny's division, about 1500; and 1 brigade and 2 regiments of Hooker's division, about 3500; there was no artillery with Kearny and Hooker.
General Johnston estimates the strength of his army at 73,928.
Other authorities place it at 62,696.
The “Official Records” show that, on the 21st of May, Johnston's army was 53,688: Smith's division, 10,592; Longstreet's division, 13,816; Magruder's division (including D. R. Jones's division), 15,920; D. H. Hill's division, 11,151; cavalry and reserve artillery, 2209.
Before May 31st, this force was increased by the arrival of A. P. Hill's division (estimated), 4000, and Huger's division (estimated), 5008. One of the five brigades of D. H. Hill's division was detached before May 31st.
The aggregate of the 4 Confederate divisions engaged was about 39,000.
The number “in close action” on the Williamsburg road, May 31st, was about 9520, with 2 batteries — including 7580 in D. H. Hill's division, and 1950 of Longstreet's division.
Near Fair Oaks, 4 brigades of G. W. Smith's division (under Whiting), 8670; no artillery.
The number of Confederates engaged, June 1, was about 8300: in Huger's division about 3300; in Longstreet's division, about 5000.
No artillery was advanced into action.