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Chapter 53: operations of the West Gulf Squadron in the latter part of 1864, and in 1865.--joint operations in Mobile Bay by Rear-Admiral Thatcher and General Canby.

  • Gallant services of Commodore Palmer
  • -- blockade-runners on Texas coast. -- demoralizing tenacity of Confederate government. -- cutting out of the schooner Golden Belle. -- capture of the Delphina, Annie Sophia, and pet, prize-laden schooners. -- the steamer will-o‘--the-wisp boarded and set on fire. -- exciting and hazardous adventures. -- the Confederate privateer Anna Dale captured and burned. -- conspicuous gallantry of the volunteer element of the navy. -- Acting-rear-admiral Thatcher relieves Commodore Palmer. -- shelling Confederate batteries near Mobile. -- capture of Spanish Fort, forts Alexis, Huger and Tracy. -- Mobile surrenders. -- operations of the gun-boats in rivers of Alabama. -- Confederate rams Huntsville and Tuscaloosa sunk. -- Federal gun-boats sunk by torpedoes. -- Confederate gun-boats and other property surrendered to the navy. -- conditions of surrender. -- instructions to Flag-Captain Simpson. -- parole given by and list of officers and men surrendered. -- entrance of gun-boats into blakely river. -- complimentary letter relative to Commodore Palmer. -- destruction of Confederate ram Webb. -- Galveston surrenders. -- list of vessels and officers of West Gulf Squadron, 1865.


Commodore James S. Palmer commanded the West Gulf Blockading Squadron up to the time Rear-Admiral Thatcher took command in the latter part of February or early part of March, 1865. After being relieved, he continued to give Rear-Admiral Thatcher that hearty and effective support that always distinguished him in his former commands under Admiral Farragut on the Mississippi and elsewhere, marking him as one of those cool and gallant men who perhaps in time of peace would not attract much attention, but whose services in time of war are strongly marked by judgment and gallantry combined. These qualities always leave a strong impression on a ship's company that has the good fortune to possess such a commander. Whatever duty Commodore Palmer undertook he performed it bravely and intelligently, and this is seen in the records of the war, where the commanders under whom he served never parted with him without the warmest eulogiums in his praise, all of which were deserved. While he had the temporary command of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron he kept the vessels of the fleet actively employed, which will be better appreciated and understood by a brief outline of the operations.

Commodore Palmer was one of those who encouraged intrepidity in young officers; and as there was not a large field for daring deeds, and as the duty of the vessels under his command was chiefly confined to the dull routine of blockading the Texas coast, no opportunity was lost to obtain distinction, and at the same time inflict injury upon the enemy.

Since the closing of the Confederate ports on the Atlantic coast, the blockade-runners [776] made attempts to reach the coast of Texas, though it would seem that it was scarcely profitable for them to carry on their illicit trade in the Gulf, where they could be so easily cut off, and at the time when the war must have appeared to any one with an observant mind to be so rapidly approaching a close. But as long as there was life there was hope, and the Confederate Government, to the very last moment of its existence, put on a bold front and acted as if in the heyday of its power. The only way it could keep up its credit abroad was by now and then getting out a load of cotton on a steamer, or some of the schooners that had been left to them after the several raids that had been made on such coasting vessels

Commodore (afterwards Rear-Admiral) James S. Palmer.

as they possessed. Though the communications with Texas and the northern portion of the Confederacy had been almost entirely cut off by the vigilant watchfulness of the Navy on the coast and on the great river which divided the Confederacy, yet the Texans were as active as ever in carrying on operations, particularly in the introduction of arms of all kinds, provisions, clothing and military stores, apparently with a view to carrying on the war on their own account if Richmond fell, or to offer a place of retreat to those dissatisfied spirits who could see nothing good in a union with the Northern States. The Federal invasions had, so far, been so unsuccessful, and were, as a rule, so badly conducted, that the Texan soldiers — a very brave set of men — had never felt that they had been worsted in the least. On the contrary, they had not only prevented the Federal generals from making a permanent lodgment in their State, but had given a large quota of their troops to assist the Confederates in every other quarter of the Southern domain. It would have been, indeed, a grievous infliction if the Texans had succeeded in drawing to their State the remains of the Confederate armies who had not been driven to surrender, for they might have kept up the war two or three years longer, with great loss to the North in expense and with no gain to themselves.

But the same demoralization of the Confederacy which was so painfully apparent in Richmond was also felt in Texas. Though they appeared to be imbued with the popular enthusiasm that had done so much to prolong the contest, and though they had given as many proofs of devotion to the cause and evidences of endurance and noble sacrifice, yet they were not carried away with the bitterness of feeling that seemed to animate the people further north.

The Texans could see plainly enough that official mismanagement on the part of the Confederate authorities, together with the Union victories and the popular resolution of the Northern people to prosecute the war with renewed vigor, had made it probable [777] that Texas would become the great battleground, and that, whatever way the tide of war might turn, the State would be impoverished. So far, Texas had borne no hardships that soldiers could not reasonably endure, for her plains were full of hogs and cattle, and her fields were well supplied with corn, and they had sufficient military ardor to uphold them to the last.

But there were large amounts of cotton on hand from which no revenue was derived, and attempts were now and then made to get the fabric to market in anything that would float, which, in many cases, succeeded when success was least expected. Emboldened by their first attempts, the blockade-runners from the Texan ports became more audacious, so much so that the Federal naval officers were put upon their mettle, and hence resulted a number of small but gallant affairs which, in justice to the officers concerned in them, should not be omitted. They are the small links that make up the chain of history, and were as important in the eves of the performers as more prominent affairs.

On the 26th of December, 1864, a large schooner, named the Golden Belle, was lying in Galveston harbor, watching a chance to evade the blockaders outside, and make a run to Havana or Nassau. Acting-Ensign N. A. Blume, of the Virginia, asked and received permission from his commanding officer, Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant Charles H. Brown, to go in and cut out the schooner. Obtaining volunteers from the crew for the expedition, he left with the third cutter about 8:30 P. M. Having five miles to pull against a heavy head sea, Mr. Blume did not reach Boliver Point and get in sight of the schooner until 1 A. M. of the 27th. She was lying about a quarter of a mile from Fort Jackson, about a mile from Fort Greene, and less than four hundred yards from the Confederate guard-schooner Lecompte. When within five hundred yards of the schooner, a light was seen moving about her decks. The boat passed her and came up astern, not being discovered till alongside. She was then immediately boarded and carried, and the prisoners secured. The captors immediately made sail, slipped the schooner cable and stood down the bay, the guardboat supposing that she had started out to run the blockade. Coolness and clever management was manifested in piloting the Belle out of Galveston harbor, which is an intricate one. In going out. the prize had to pass almost within hail of Fort Point on Galveston Island, then find her way in the dark through the main channel and cross the bar at the right point; all of which was done without a mistake. At daylight, the fleet was sighted bearing northwest, and that morning the owner of the Golden Belle could see her from Galveston carefully anchored under the guns of the Federals.

As it resulted, there was no loss of life on this expedition, and the glamour which generally attends a bloody affair was missing; but it was none the less a dangerous one, and all engaged in it deserve as much credit as if some had been shot. We have made it a rule to mention the names of the participants when good work was performed, and, this being a case in point, the following are entitled to a place: N. A. Blume, Acting-Ensign; William Stevenson, Master-at-Arms; James Webster, Gunner's Mate; Thomas Wallace, Coxswain; Jacob Bowman, Captain Forecastle; William Thompson, Captain Forecastle; Augustus Miller, Captain After-guard; Peter Miller, Seaman; Thomas K. Fenley, Landsman.

On January 24th, 1865, quite as clever an affair took place off Calcasieu River, by a cutting-out expedition. under Lieutenant-Commander Richard W. Meade, which was a complete success without any casualties. A three-masted schooner, loaded with cotton, was lying at the second bend of the Calcasieu River, about two and a half miles from its mouth, ready to slip out at the first opportunity, and the object of the expedition was her capture. As a large force of the enemy was encamped close at hand, it was deemed best to take a force sufficiently large to insure success. Lieutenant-Commander Meade accordingly fitted out the Chocura's launch and first cutter, and took forty men of her crew under his personal command. The night of the 22d of January was chosen for the attempt, and as it was cold and dark, with drizzling rain and a norther blowing, it was just such a night as a blockade-runner would select to evade the blockaders. The party left the Chocura at dark and pulled in silently for the river. Just as they entered it, the schooner was discovered coming down under sail with a fresh breeze. Had the boats been ten minutes later she would have reached open water and escaped. She was at once boarded and carried; but, unfortunately, her captain saw the boats before they reached his vessel, and, putting his helm hard down and letting fly his sheets, ran the schooner hard and fast aground on the flats close to the beach and not far from the enemy's force. Six prisoners were secured at once, and a boat that was towing astern was seen to push off and pull rapidly up the river, in which, doubtless, some of the crew escaped. The prize proved to be the schooner Delphina, with one hundred and eighty bales of cotton on board--one of those small ventures the Texans were in [778] the habit of making to raise money, which, though small in quantity, was none the less valuable to the captors when it could be secured. This cargo would have been worth in England over one hundred thousand dollars. Every effort was made to get the Delphina afloat. The after-deck load was thrown overboard and her anchor carried out; but as the norther caused the water to fall rapidly, leaving in an hour only about a foot of water alongside, the efforts to float her were unavailing. The launch grounded in the meantime, and it was deemed best not to expose the men to an attack from an overwhelming force. The schooner was therefore set on fire and the expedition returned to the Chocura. Acting-Ensigns Tracy and Beardsley accompanied

Lieutenant-Commander (now Captain) R. W. Meade.

Lieutenant-Commander Meade. The officers and men behaved as all men will when they are led by a judicious and gallant commander. They were not altogether unfortunate in not receiving some prize-money. Eighty bales of cotton were thrown overboard before they set fire to the schooner; this drifted out to sea, and thirty bales were picked up on the following morning, and very likely more were secured later. This was hard on the shippers; but such are the fortunes of war, and it was the only way to cripple the resources of the Confederacy. Captain Semmes, of Alabama fame, railed at Union naval officers a great deal for what he called their greedy spirit in capturing cotton coming out and arms going in, which he called destroying the property of Southern people, and makes an excuse on this account for inflicting harm on Federal merchant-ships. It was not to be supposed that Union officers would let a vessel put to sea with a hundred thousand dollars' worth of cotton on board without using every effort to capture it, when they knew that if it reached England it would soon be converted into cash to buy arms with which to shoot Union people. There was really no greedy intent which induced officers to follow up vessels in port loaded with cotton, but simply a desire on their part to put an end to the war. Half the time the vessels and cotton were burned when it might frequently have been saved, but it was not considered worth the while to risk the lives of officers and men. This was the case on this occasion, as there was a force of three hundred cavalry at the point where the Delphina was burned.

The Confederates were very watchful and alert in getting vessels ready for sea and loaded with cotton bales, but the blockaders were equally so; and, if we may judge by the results, much more active in the pursuit of the blockade-runners and in the capture of them than their owners were in getting their wares to market.

On February 8, 1865, an expedition was fitted out by Commander Mullany, of the Bienville, assisted by Commander Woolsey, of the Princess Royal, for the purpose of destroying the steamer Wren, a blockade-runner lying in the harbor of Galveston, and also of capturing two cotton-ladened schooners that were lying at anchor under the forts, ready to go to sea when the wind and weather permitted.

Two boats were sent on this expedition, viz.: The Bienville's first cutter, with thirteen men, Acting-Ensign George H. French, in charge, and the Princess Royal's first cutter, with a crew of nine men, Acting-Ensign A. H. Reynolds, in charge, assisted by Acting-Master's Mate Lewis Johnson, the whole under the command of Acting-Ensign French, of the Bienville. The boats left the Bienville about 8.20 P. M., and stood in for the harbor. Mr. French intended to pass inside the schooners and make his first attack on the Wren, destroy her, and then capture the schooners; but he failed in this, owing to the tide, which carried him so far out of his course that he found himself close aboard the schooners. Without hesitation, orders were given Mr. Reynolds to board one, while Mr. French carried the other. Both were taken without resistance, though the crews aggregated twenty men, nearly equal to the crews of the two boats. The Princess Royal's cutter captured the Annie Sophia. and the Bienville's, the Pet, both supposed to be English. After getting the schooners underway and securing [779] their crews, one was placed in charge of Boatswain's Mate, Thomas Gallyer, of the Bienville, and the other in charge of Acting-Master's Mate Johnson, with orders to proceed to the Bienville, where they subsequently arrived in safety. Mr. French then proceeded in company with the other boat to perform the duty of destroying the Wren; but, finding it impracticable (owing to the strong current and wind against him, with his reduced crews) to find the Wren, or make good headway, and having parted company from the other boat in the darkness, he concluded that it would be injudicious to proceed further, as day was approaching, and returned to his ship. On the whole, this might be called a good catch. The Pet had two hundred and fifty-six bales of cotton, and the Annie Sophia two hundred and twenty,--a handsome reward to the adventurous sailors who went on the expedition.

The dearth of blockade-running steamers made it more easy to capture this cotton, for the long, low runners generally laid well up the harbor under the protection of the forts, while the schooners had to move down to the lower bay to await a fair wind and get to sea when an opportunity offered.

Yet the steamers that did attempt to run the blockade often failed, as was the case with the Will-o‘--the-Wisp (steamer), which was burned off Galveston by an expedition under Lieutenant O. E. McKay, of the Princess Royal. The Will-o‘--Wisp had been run on shore off the harbor of Galveston, where she was caught in the act of landing some heavy guns, and was chased on shore. On the night of the 9th of February, 1865, a boat expedition was fitted out by Commander M. B. Woolsey, consisting of two boats' crews, one from the Princess Royal, and the other from the gun-boat Antona, the whole under command of Lieutenant McKay, with orders to go in and destroy the steamer and prevent her landing the arms and stores she had on board. The boats shoved off from the Princess Royal between 2 and 3 A. M., while the ship and the Antona moved in toward shore and took up a position about nine hundred yards from the Will-o‘--the-Wisp. The boats soon reached and boarded the stranded steamer, set her on fire in the wheel-houses, and then returned to the Princess Royal. She had previously been riddled by the fire of the two blockaders, and had been set on fire by their shells, so that she was almost a total wreck. The Confederates had shown their usual energy in getting out the cargo, the decks being torn up to enable them to do so. Even the engines had been taken to pieces and carried away, so that, when the boats reached her, she was not worth wrecking. Although there was no resistance offered by the enemy, the attempt made by the boats was worthy of all praise. The Confederate cavalry had thrown up heavy breastworks, and it was expected that the landing party would meet with a stout resistance.

One gallant affair would inspire another, and these cutting-out expeditions became the order of the day. When they started out, no man knew what would be the result of an expedition until it was over, or what force was likely to be encountered. The enemy, knowing the adventurous spirit of the officers of the squadron, might set a trap for them, and, instead of getting a load of cotton, they might get a load of grapeshot.

The Confederates had fitted out a privateer or vessel-of-war, or whatever name that class of vessel might be recognized under — an armed schooner, the Anna Dale,--which, on February 18. 1865, was lying in Pass Cavallo, Texas, waiting for part of her crew, when she intended to slip out to prey on Federal commerce. This vessel had been observed for several days apparently watching an opportunity to get to sea when the wind favored her. Lieutenant-Commander Henry Erben, Jr., of the Panola, had been watching her closely, and at night kept picket-boats close to the inlet to see that she did not slip out without due notice from the boats. On the night of the 18th he sent in two armed boats, the gig and third cutter, to cut the schooner out, with Acting-Ensign James W. Brown in charge, assisted by Acting-Master's Mate John Rosling. The work was handsomely performed. The boats crossed the bar, which was quite smooth at the time, and found the schooner made fast to a wharf with a battery on shore close aboard. She had a pivotgun mounted, and everything indicated that she was an armed vessel with this battery to protect her. Lights were seen moving about the decks, and men heard talking, when Mr. Brown made a dash for the schooner, boarded her, drove all the crew below that were on deck, and fastened down the hatches. The fasts were then cut and the vessel drifted out into the stream. Sail was made on the Anna Dale, and everything done to take her out, but she grounded, and it was determined to destroy her. The prisoners, with their baggage, were put in one of the schooner's boats with some small arms and a 12-pounder howitzer, and the vessel was then set on fire.

The Anna Dale proved to be a Confederate privateer, but had not yet attained the dignity of being called a cruiser. She was of seventy tons burden, well armed, and commanded by Joseph L. Stephenson, a Master in the Confederate Navy, who said [780] he expected twenty-five more men at sunset, and would have sailed soon after. He expressed great surprise that. the boats were not fired upon by the battery, which consisted of three guns and a hundred men stationed only a short distance off. The Anna Dale was a fast schooner, and, had she escaped the vigilance of the blockaders and reached the northern coast, would no doubt have done much damage before she was captured.

This affair was certainly well executed and was without loss of life, which makes such events all the more acceptable. Acting-Ensign Brown was, no doubt, a gallant officer. He speaks in the highest terms of the behavior of Mr. Rosling and of Boatswain's Mate James Brown and Quarter-Master Benton Bunker, and the boat's crew generally. It will be observed that, in most of these affairs, the acting or volunteer officers bore very prominent parts. In all this kind of duty the volunteer element of the Navy was always conspicuous, it being more congenial to them than parading the deck and following the routine of a regular man-of-war. They were a tough, brave set of men, full of resources and worthy of every trust.

Captain Semmes, of the Alabama. in his journal of that vessel's cruise, berates the volunteer officers of the Federal Navy, and calls them a low-lived set of fellows; but it must be remembered that, in the fight between the Kearsarge and Alabama, nearly all the officers of the former were volunteers raised in the merchant service, then as fine a school of seamanship as any in the world; and under the training of their gallant and efficient first-lieutenant, Thornton, made a practice in gunnery that put to shame the firing of the English gunners that are said to have joined the Alabama from the English naval gunnery training-ship, the Excellent. In this, perhaps, can be found the reason why Captain Semmes did not approve of them.


Joint operations in Mobile Bay by Rear-Admiral Thatcher and General Canby.

After the capture of Wilmington, Commodore James S. Palmer was relieved of the command of the West Gulf Squadron by Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher, an officer of great merit, who had shown good judgment and gallantry at Fort Fisher.

The moment Rear-Admiral Thatcher arrived at the scene of his command, he placed himself in communication with that gallant and efficient military commander, General Canby, and offered all the co-operation the Navy could give toward the capture of Mobile, which still held out, notwithstanding all the forts in the bay had surrendered and the Confederate fleet had been captured. There was not the slightest chance of arms, munitions-of-war, or provisions reaching the Confederate army through Mobile, and the enemy continued to hold it simply from the same sentiment that governed every other part of the South. Though the demoralization in the Confederacy was plainly apparent to those who had eyes to see, yet the majority could not be made to believe that the Confederates could be subjugated. They could not be made to understand that there was anything fatal, in a military point of view, in Sherman's memorable march, though they received daily news of his successful marchings, his occupation of Atlanta,

Rear-Admiral Henry K. Thatcher.

Savannah, Columbia, and his advance to Goldsborough, driving before him an army quite equal in numbers to his own, before he was joined by Generals Schofield and Terry with some thirty thousand troops, and causing the ablest generals of the Confederacy to fall back before his triumphant legions. If the demoralization of the country could ever be brought to the surface, it was when General Joe Johnston was brought to bay at Smithsville, with Sherman's hardy veterans (that had marched through the South) confronting him, and the victorious troops of Schofield and Terry, just from Wilmington, hemming him in. [781]

Some of the most intelligent men in the Confederacy (though the most deluded) clung to the idea that it was a physical impossibility for the South to be subjugated by the troops of the North. This impossibility was clearly stated by the Confederate Congress in an address to the Southern people as late as the winter of 1861-5; that the passage of hostile armies through the Southern country, though productive of cruel suffering to the people and great pecuniary loss, gave an enemy no permanent advantage or foothold. To subjugate a country, its civil government must be suppressed by a continuing military force, or supplanted by another, to which the inhabitants would be obliged to yield obedience. They insisted that the passage of troops through their country could not produce any such result. Permanent garrisons would have to be stationed at a sufficient number of points to strangle all civil authority and overawe the people before it could be pretended by the Federal Government that its authority could be extended over the Southern States. They claimed that to subdue the South would require more soldiers than the United States could raise to garrison all the different points. In a geographical point of view, therefore, it was asserted that the conquest of the Confederate States was impracticable. The geographical point of view was decisive to those who fomented the war in the first place, who adopted this as their creed with which to delude their suffering people; and when Sherman was marching his irresistible army all through the South, they could see nothing in it but a harbinger of good to their cause; though he had passed through the country, they asserted that he had not conquered it, and had not been able to leave a single garrison on his way since he left Dalton. They argued that, even if he passed out of the Carolinas, he would be defeated then, and all the country he had passed through would be re-opened to the Confederate armies. All such sophistries might pass muster with the ignorant, and this appeal to the common herd, no doubt, had its effect; but it was most absurd and criminal, to say the least of it, for the promoters of this rebellion to try and delude those upon whom all the suffering fell, when they could see the handwriting on the wall as plainly as it was seen at the feast of Belshazzar. All the deluded people should have known that, as Sherman's army sped along, everything in the shape of a soldier left the side-points of defence and joined the fleeing mass in the front. There was no use leaving garrisons in the rear, there was nothing to garrison. Wild desolation and ruin are always left in the tracks of such armies, and no General living could prevent it any more than Lee could prevent destruction on his march to and from Gettysburg. The fact is, the Confederacy was in its last throes when Sherman started from Columbia, and the people of the South everywhere (owing to what the promoters of the rebellion called “the decay of public spirit” ) were getting impatient with the hardships of the war, having no longer any confidence in the ultimate results. Yet there were places, like Mobile, that had for a time flourished, owing to the constant flow of blockade-runners to their ports, and who knew but little of the sufferings of the war, and had never, in fact, been subjected to any hardships, determined mined to hold on to the last, even after Charleston fell. Ever since Admiral Farragut attempted and failed to reach the city of Mobile, the channel to which would not admit the Union vessels, that city had settled down to fancied security, no doubt waiting till Richmond should fall, and they could surrender with some show of determination to resist to the last. They did no harm to the Union, but their defiant attitude was offensive, and Canby and Thatcher determined to reduce their pretensions.

On the Sth of March, 1865, Rear-Admiral Thatcher received information from General Canby that there were indications that the enemy's forces in Mobile were about to evacuate their works, and had torn up some thirty miles of the Mobile and Montgomery railroad, in the neighborhood of Pollard, and were removing the material in the direction of Mongomery, and suggesting a reconnaissance in force. This Admiral Thatcher immediately undertook with the five Monitors he had at his disposal; and proceeding to reach a point in as close proximity to the city as the shallow water and the obstructions would permit, succeeded in drawing from the enemy a heavy fire, and demonstrated that the defences were intact and the Mobilians still determined on resistance.

It was therefore determined by the two Federal commanders to make a combined attack on the works and city without delay, and on March 21st the landing commenced from the transports under cover from the gun-boats on the right bank of Fish River, at a point called Danley's Mills, about seventeen miles above its junction with Mobile Bay. The gun-boats kept shelling the woods from Point Clear to Blakely River bar, while the troops were landing, to clear the coast of the enemy's forces supposed to be lurking in that vicinity, and also to draw the fire of the enemy's batteries, should there be any erected between Point Clear and Spanish Fort. Numerous streams had to be crossed, and many bridges built for [782] the passage of artillery. The troops set to work, as soon as landed. to construct the bridges and to make their advance, while the light-draft gun-boats kept open communications with the army along shore by boats or signals.

General Granger had the immediate command of the Army, and this accomplished officer lost no time in pressing forward his troops. The first fruits of their labor was the fall of Spanish Fort and Fort Alexis, which surrendered on the 8th of April, 1865, after a heavy bombardment of ten hours from the Army and Navy. The Navy landed a battery of heavy guns under the command of Lieutenant-Commander G. H. Gillis, late of the Milwaukee. General Canby commended the services of this battery highly in the attack on these forts, which the Confederates regarded as the key to Mobile.

Nearly two thousand prisoners and sixteen heavy guns, with ammunition in abundance, were taken in these works, while the enemy lost heavily in killed and wounded. Apalache and Blakely Rivers were at once dragged by the sailors in boats, and sixteen large submerged torpedoes were taken up. On the 10th instant the Octorara, Lieutenant-Commander W. W. Low, and the iron-clads were succesful, by the diligent exertions of Commander Pierce Crosby, of the Metacomet, in clearing the rivers of torpedoes, in moving up nearly abreast of Spanish Fort. From this position, Lieutenant-Commander Low, with his rifled gun, shelled forts Huger and Tracy with such effect that both forts were evacuated on the 11th instant, and the naval forces took possession, capturing a few prisoners in the adjoining marshes. The sailors held their position in these works till General Canby could garrison them with troops.

On April 12th, Rear-Admiral Thatcher moved with the gun-boats, convoying 8,000 men of General Granger's force to the west side of Mobile Bay, for the purpose of attacking Mobile. On their anchoring at the objective point, it was found that the Confederates had evacuated all their defences and retreated with their gun-boats up the Alabama River. The city of Mobile was thereupon summoned to an immediate and unconditional surrender by Rear-Admiral Thatcher and General Granger (General Canby being at Blakely), on the ground that it was entirely at the mercy of the Federal forces, they being in possession of the outside forts. The officers sent to make the formal demand for the surrender of the city were met by the Mayor and other civil authorities at the City Hall, where the former addressed the following letter to the Federal commanders:

Mayor's Office, City of Mobile, April 12, 1865.
Gentlemen — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication at the hands of Lieutenant-Colonel R. G. Laughlin, of the staff of Major-General Granger, commanding Thirteenth Army Corps, and Lieutenant-Commander S. R. Franklin, United States Navy, of the staff of Admiral Thatcher, demanding the immediate and unconditional surrender of this city. The city has been evacuated by the military authorities, and its municipal authority is now within my control. Your demand has been granted, and I trust, gentlemen, for the sake of humanity, all the safeguards which we can throw around our people will be secured to them.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. H. Slough, Mayor of the City of Mobile. Major-General Gordon Granger, Commanding Thirteenth Army Corps.
Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher, Commanding West Gulf Squadron.

The flag of the United States was then hoisted on the City Hall, and a portion of the troops immediately advanced to preserve order and prevent pillage. A provost guard was established, and the works around the city, which were of immense strength and extent, were garrisoned.

Thus ended the contest with Mobile, which from the beginning of the war had enjoyed great immunity from battle and strife. It had been the medium through which millions of dollars worth of arms, provisions and clothing had reached the Confederate armies, and after defying the Federal forces unnecessarily when the war was virtually over, it was evacuated in a panic before the Federal gun-boats had fired a shot into the city.

While the Army was landing in front of Mobile, the Octorara and three river iron-clads worked their way up the Blakely River, and thence down the Tensas, and anchored in front of the city. They were sent at once up the Tombigbee River, where the Confederate iron-clad Nashville and the gun-boat Morgan had fled. The two powerful rams, Huntsville and Tuscaloosa, were sunk in the Spanish River before the place was evacuated. The naval forces were at once set to work clearing the main ship channel of torpedoes and obstructions, which proved to be a formidable task. While picking up torpedoes, the tug-boat Ida was blown up and destroyed, as well as a steam-launch belonging to the Cincinnati. The tug-boat Althea was destroyed by a torpedo in Blakely River, and the gun-boat Sciota was blown up while underway, running across the bay, in twelve feet of water, making the fifth vessel (with the Milwaukee) sunk by torpedoes since Admiral Thatcher's operations began against the city.

On May 4. 1865, Rear-Admiral Thatcher received written proposals from Commodore [783] Ebenezer Farrand, commanding the Confederate naval forces in Mobile waters, to surrender his ships, officers, men and public property generally, and desiring a meeting with the Admiral to arrange the terms. The two commanders met at Citronelle, a point about thirty-five miles above Mobile, and the surrender was agreed upon and accepted on the same basis and terms as were granted by General Grant to General Lee, by General Sherman to General Johnston, and by General Canby to General Taylor, which last surrender was made at the same place and time.

The day previous to the receipt of the proposal for surrender, Rear-Admiral Thatcher had made preparations for attacking the Confederate vessels in the Tombigbee, and the attack would have undoubtedly been made had Commodore Farrand delayed his surrender a day longer. As a matter of record, and as an interesting episode sode of the war, the conditions of the surrender are herewith inserted, with accompanying papers, which will be found to be interesting reading. It will be seen, on looking over the list of naval officers who surrendered, how many familiar names of those who once belonged to the United States Navy are found in that list — men who, after four years of hard work, found out how futile was the attempt to overturn a properly constituted and well-organized Government by a set of malcontents, who led away those whose true interests lay in supporting the Constitution and the flag to which they had sworn allegiance. They had no interest in supporting the political agitators who, for their own purposes and with no love of their Southern country, wanted to dissever themselves from the great union of States which alone made their country a great one. No doubt, when those who laid down their arms on that occasion look back and remember the fallacious hopes with which they were beguiled, and how little was done to make the condition better than it was in the United States, will, in their hearts, regret the day when they were tempted by State's-rights fallacies to desert a flag whose march from the time of our first Revolution has been an onward one of glory and honor. Not a star of its galaxy had ever been dimmed until those whose duty it was to hold it aloft, beyond the reach of treason, undertook to trail it in the dust and trample it under their feet. It shines brighter after all it has gone through than ever it did before, as gold is brightened by being purified by fire.

This was the last of the naval fighting of the war. The great fabric of the re. bellion, with all its supports knocked away, toppled to the ground; and all who were engaged in it, seeing the hopelessness of their cause, seemed anxious to deliver up their trusts into the hands of the rightful proprietors, and make amends, as far as possible, for the injuries attempted against the Federal Government. Everything in Mobile and in the Confederate Navy Department was turned over in as good condition as might have been expected under existing circumstances. Among other prizes were four hundred heavy guns mounted in and about Mobile.

The Confederates evidently understood the importance of Mobile as a military base, and it was their intention to hold it at all hazards; yet, at one time, General Banks might have snatched this rich prize by weight of his superior numbers at New Orleans; but he preferred to go floundering around in the swamps and morasses of Texas and Louisiana, where no object was to be gained, and when he could not hold his own even with the large force he carried into those States.

Complimentary Letter To Acting-Rear-Admiral Thatcher And Major-General Granger.

Navy Department, April 29, 1865.
Sir — The Department has received your several dispatches, from time to time, advising it of your operations before Mobile; the last one, dated the 15th instant, announcing the surrender, on the day previous, to the Army and Naval forces commanded respectively by Major-General Granger and yourself.

The Department has watched with considerable interest, but with no fear of an unsuccessful result, the combined Army and Naval movements against the immediate defences of Mobile for the last few weeks, and after the capture of Fort Alexis and Spanish Fort, and the successful shelling resulting in the evacuation of Forts Tracy and Huger, was not surprised to learn of the retreat of the insurgent force to the interior, and the abandonment of their last formidable foothold on the coast.

Although no bloody strife preceded the capture of Mobile, the result was none the less creditable. Much had been expended to render it invulnerable, and nothing but the well-conducted preparations for its capture, which pointed to success, could have induced the rebel commander to abandon it with its formidable defences, mounting nearly four hundred guns, many of them of the newest pattern and heaviest calibre, its abundant supply of ammunition and ordnance stores, and its torpedo-planted roads and waters, without a serious conflict.

I am happy in extending to you and those under your command, and to Major-General Granger and those under his command, the congratulations for this victory, which places in our possession, with but one exception, all the chief points on the Southern coast, and bids fair to be the closing naval contest of the rebellion.

Very respectfully, etc.,

Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher, Commanding West Gulf Blockading Squadron, etc.


Conditions of surrender.

Memorandum of the conditions of the surrender of the Confederate naval forces serving under the [784] command of Commodore Ebenezer Farrand in the waters of the State of Alabama, made at Sidney, Alabama, May 4, 1865:

First--The officers and men to be paroled until duly exchanged, or otherwise released from the obligations of their parole, by the authority of the Government of the United States. Duplicate rolls of all officers and men surrendered to be made, one copy to be delivered to the officer appointed by Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher, and the other to be retained by the officer appointed by Commodore E Farrand; officers giving their individual paroles, and commanders of vessels signing a like parole for the men of their respective commands.

Second--All vessels-of-war, their guns and equipments, all small arms and ammunition and stores on board the said vessels, to be delivered over to an officer appointed for that purpose by Acting-Rear-Admiral Thatcher. Duplicate inventories of the property surrendered to be prepared; one copy to be retained by the officer delivering, and the other by the officer receiving it, for our information.

Third--The officers and men paroled under this agreement will be allowed to return to their homes, with the assurance that they will not be disturbed by the authorities of the United States so long as they continue to observe the condition of their paroles and the laws in force where they reside, except that persons resident of Northern States will not be allowed to return without special permission.

Fourth--The surrender of property will not include the side-arms or private baggage of officers.

Fifth--The time and place of surrender will be fixed by us, respectively, and will be carried out by officers appointed by us.

Sixth--After the surrender, transportation and subsistence to be furnished by Acting-Rear-Admiral Thatcher for officers and men to the nearest practical point to their respective homes.

H. K. Thatcher, Acting-Rear-Admiral, Commanding Western Gulf Squadron. E. Farrand, Flag-officer, Commanding C. S. Naval Force in waters of Alabama.

Instructions From Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher To Fleet-Captain Edward Simpson.

West Gulf Squadron, U. S. Flag-Ship Stockdale, Off City of Mobile, May 8, 1865.
Sir — Having signed and exchanged copies of an agreement with Commodore E. Farrand, commanding officer of the vessels of the Confederate States Navy in the waters of the State of Alabama, on the 4th instant,the terms of which are contained in the inclosed document, you will proceed with the United States steamer Cincinnati to the Tombigbee River, the point designated for the surrender of the vessels under the command of Commodore Farrand and receive from the officer appointed by Commodore Farrand the said vessels, their guns, equipments and stores, the paroles of officers for themselves individually, and for the seamen, marines, etc., on board thereof who were under the command of Commodore E. Farrand on the 4th instant. Having received the surrender of said vessels, their appurtenances and stores, you will cause them to be brought down to a safe anchorage in front of the city of Mobile and report to me. Should any of the paroled officers or men desire to remain where they now are, they may do so; the others, in accordance with the terms of surrender, will receive transportation and subsistence to the nearest practical point to their respective homes. The steamers designated in verbal orders will accompany you to the Tombigbee. Suitable officers, engineers and crews to navigate the surrendered vessels will accompany you to the place of surrender, and they alone will man them.

Very respectfully,

H. K. Thatcher, Acting-Rear-Admiral, Commanding West Gulf Squadron. Commander Edward Simpson, Fleet Captain, West Gulf Squadron.


Report of fleet-captain Edward Simpson.

United States Flag-Ship Stockdale, West Gulf Squadron, off Mobile, Ala., May 11, 1865.
Sir — I have the honor to report that, in obedience to your order, I proceeded in the iron-clad steamer Cincinnati on the 19th instant up the Tombigbee River to Nanna Hubba Bluff for the purpose of receiving the surrender of the vessels under the command of Commodore Ebenezer Farrand, of the Confederate States Navy. The iron-clad steamer Chickasaw and the tin-clad Nyanza accompanied the Cincinnati. On the morning of the 10th instant the vessels had all assembled at the bluff. Lieutenant-Commander J. Myers, the officer appointed by Commodore Farrand to make the surrender, came on board, and after some consultation with me on the points of the condition of the surrender, surrendered the following vessels, viz.: Morgan, side-wheel gun-boat; Nashville, side-wheel iron-clad; Baltic, side-wheel transport; “Black Diamond,” side-wheel river-boat.

I received inventories of the stores on board each vessel, as well as an inventory of stores brought from the naval station, which were stored on board of the river steamboat Southern Republic, which vessel had been seized by Commodore Farrand for the purpose of receiving these articles when the naval station at Mobile was evacuated. A letter from the captain of the Southern Republic accompanies this report.

The only use that I have made of the vessel was to transport the Confederate officers and men to Mobile.

I received the accompanying rolls of all the officers and men, after which I paroled one hundred and twelve officers, two hundred and eighty-five enlisted men, and twenty-four marines. The officers gave their individual paroles in duplicate, and the commanding officers gave their paroles for the men of their respective commands.

Having completed the duty on which I was ordered, I have returned to Mobile with a portion of the vessels.

I inclose the memorandum of the conditions for the surrender, a copy of my instructions, and a copy of the instructions given to Lieutenant-Commander J. Myers by Commodore Farrand, and also the invoices of the stores, etc., received.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

E. Simpson, Fleet Captain, West Gulf Squadron. Acting-Rear-Admiral H. K. Thatcher, Commanding West Gulf Squadron.

Instructions from Commodore Farrand, C. S. N., to Lieutenant Commanding Julian Myers, C. S. N.

Headquarters Naval Command, Steamer Southern Republic, McDowell's Landing, May 5, 1865.
Sir — You will proceed to Nanna Hubba Bluff for the purpose of carrying out the terms of surrender of the naval forces under my command, agreed upon on the 4th instant, a copy of which is herewith inclosed.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Eben. Farrand, Flag-officer, etc. Lieutenant-Commander Julius Myers, P. N. C. S., Steamer Southern Republic.


[785]

Parole given by, and list of, officers and men surrendered

We, the undersigned, prisoners-of-war belonging to the Confederate naval forces serving under the command of Commodore Ebenezer Farrand, in the waters of the State of Alabama, this day surrendered by Commodore Ebenezer Farrand to Acting-Rear-Admiral Henry K. Thatcher, United States Navy, commanding the West Gulf Squadron, do hereby give our solemn parole of honor that we will not hereafter serve in the Navy of the Confederate States, or in any military capacity whatever, against the United States of America, or render aid to the enemies of the latter, until properly exchanged in such manner as shall be mutually approved by the respective authorities.

Done at Nanna Hubba Bluff, on the Tombigbee River, Alabama, this tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and sixty-five.

L. Rosseau, Captain; Ebenezer Farrand, Flag-officer; Charles W. Hays, Lieutenant; Julian Myers, Lieutenant; C. P. McGavy, Lieutenant; Charles E. Yeatman, Lieutenant; F. Watlington, Lieutenant; E. G. Booth, Assistant Surgeon; N. E. Edwards. Assistant Surgeon; Wm. W. J. Wells, Paymaster; Robert C. Powell, Assistant Surgeon; Wm. Fisk, Jr., Chief Engineer; Albert P. Hulse, Secretary; E. Lloyd Winder, Lieutenant; P. U. Murphy, Lieutenant; J. E. Armour, Paymaster; Lewis W. Munro, Surgeon; A. L. Myers, Master; D. R. Lindsay, Naval Storekeeper; Thos. G. Lang, Third-Assistant Engineer; D. B. Conrad, Fleet Surgeon; Geo. H. Oneal, Assistant Paymaster; J. M. Pearl, Assistant Paymaster; J. R. Jordan, First-Assistant Engineer; S. S. Herrick, Assistant Surgeon: F. B. Dorwin, Passed-Midshipman; J. S. Wooddell, Clerk; John H. Pippen, Clerk; John E. O'Connell, Second-Assistant Engineer; W. B. Patterson, Third-Assistant Engineer; Edward Cairy, Assistant Surgeon; Jos. Preble, Acting-Master; G. W. Turner, Acting-Master's Mate; W. A. Gardner, Third-Assistant Engineer; G. E. Courtin, Paymaster's Clerk; Edward P. Herssend,----; Jos. L. Wilson, Paymaster's Clerk; Jas. H. Marsh, Navy Yard Clerk; Benjamin G. Allen, Gunner; J. R. Shackett, Pilot; G. H. Lindenberger, Mechanic; W. D. Crawford,----; J. H. Hunt, A. M. M., Commanding steamer Baltic; Ira W. Porter, Acting-Gunner; B. H. Weaver, Acting-Assistant Engineer; J. W. Bennett, Lieutenant-Commander; G. A. Joiner, Passed-Midshipman; Wm. Carroll, Passed-Midshipman; G. H. Wellington, Third-Assistant Engineer; Z. A. Offutt, Gunner; Howard Quigley, First-Assistant Engineer; H. S. Smith, Gunner; C. H. Mallery, Gunner; J. M. Smith, Paymaster's Clerk; George Newton, Sailmaker; Thos. L. Harrison, Lieutenant; 0. S. Iglehart, Passed-Assistant Surgeon; D. G. Raney, Jr., First-Lieutenant, M. C.; W. G. Craig, Master P. N. C. S.; Jos. R. De Mahy, Master P. N. C. S.; M. M. Seay, Assistant Paymaster P. N. C. S.; N. M. Read, Assistant Surgeon; G. D. Lining, First-Assistant Engineer; J. R. Y. Fendall, First-Lieutenant C. S. M.; A. P. Beinre, Passed-Midshipman; R. J. Deas, Passed-Midshipman; E. Debois, Second-Assistant Engineer; M. M. Rogers, Third-Assistant Engineer; F. A. Lombard, Third-Assistant Engineer; Charles A. Joullian, Third-Assistant Engineer; J. Fulton, Third-Assistant Engineer; G. W. Nailor, Third-Assistant Engineer; Wm. Fink, Paymaster's Clerk; F. B. Green, Master's Mate; Avery S. Winston, Master's Mate P. N. C. S.; John Curney,----; Jos. M. Walker, Pilot; W. L. Cameron, Paymaster's Clerk; Louis Williams, Engineer; M. L. Shropshire, Acting-First-Assistant Engineer; J. V. Harris, Assistant Surgeon; Benj. Herring, First-Engineer; J. P. Redwood, Clerk; E. W. Johnson. Master's Mate; James White, Master's Mate; Wm. C. Dogger, Engineer; Wm. P. A. Campbell, First Lieutenant; Julian M. Spencer, First-Lieutenant; Jason C. Baker, First-Lieutenant; W. F. Robinson, Second-Lieutenant; Robert F. Freeman, Passed-Assistant Surgeon; G. W. Claiborne, Assistant Surgeon; H. E. McDuffie, Assistant Paymaster; A. N. Bully, Master; W. Youngblood, Chief-Engineer; John L. Rapier, Second-Lieutenant; Wm. Fauntleroy, Second-Assistant Engineer; Geo. J. Weaver, Second-Assistant Engineer; J. Thomas Maybury, Gunner; S. H. McMaster, Paymaster's Clerk; H. L. Manning, Master's Mate: Joseph Fry, Lieutenant Commanding; Page M. Baker, Master's Mate; John G. Blackwood, First-Lieutenant; Wm. H. Haynes, Gunner; Hiram G. Goodrich, Third-Assistant-Engineer; John Applegate, Third-Assistant-Engineer; Jacob H. Turner, Acting-Master's Mate; Thomas A. Wakefield, Third-Assistant-Engineer; J. D. Johnson, Commander; W. W. Graves, Assistant Surgeon; W. T. J. Kunsh, Third-Assistant-Engineer; Henry D. Bassett, Acting-Constructor.

The next inclosure is the parole given by the seamen of the Confederate States Navy serving on different vessels, fifty-three in number, entered into in their behalf by Julian Myers, Acting-Fleet Captain.

The next, the parole given by one hundred and twenty men of the steamer Morgan, entered into in their behalf by Joseph Fry, Lieutenant Commanding the Morgan.

The next, .the parole given by one hundred and twelve men of the Nashville, entered into in their behalf by J. W. Bennett, Lieutenant Commanding the Nashville.

The next, the parole given by twenty-four marines entered into in their behalf by D. G. Raney, Jr., First Lieutenant, Confederate States Marine Corps, commanding marines.

Entrance of Gun-Boats Into Blakely River--Complimentary Letter Relative To Commodore Palmer.

United States Flag-Ship Stockdale, West Gulf Squadron, Mobile, Ala., May 3, 1865.
Sir — The Department was informed by Commodore Palmer, under date of February 10, 1865, that he would avail himself of the permission granted by it to return North after the fall of Mobile; and as he is now about to leave this squadron, I beg leave to say that he has rendered me most efficient and untiring service throughout the attack upon the defences of the city, which has resulted so favorably to our arms; and I am indebted to him for the admirable manner in which the vessels to be employed for this service were prepared under his supervision previous to my arrival on the station, and I part with him with reluctance and regret.

It was the belief of the enemy that it would be impossible for our Monitors and gun-boats to cross the Blakely River bar, owing to the shallowness of the water; but, should we succeed in doing so, their hope rested in our entire destruction by the innumerable torpedoes with which they had filled the river, combined with their marsh batteries; and they well knew that our success in overcoming these obstacles would be fatal to them; but by great exertions night and day we succeeded.

Commodore Palmer commanded the first division, consisting of the Monitors and Octorara, and successfully ascended the Blakely with them, coming down the Tensas, directly in front of the city; the remainder of the gun-boats, led by the flag-ship, convoying General Granger's command for the purpose of making a joint attack in flank and front. These movements, having been anticipated by the enemy, led to the evacuation; and, although Commodore Palmer did not have the satisfaction of bombarding the city, he had placed himself in a [786] position to do so effectually had not the rebels deprived him of the opportunity by flight.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

H. K. Thatcher, Acting Rear-Admiral, Commanding West Gulf Squadron. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy.

There seems to have been an unusual loss of Federal vessels in these combined operations, from the effects of torpedoes, which might indicate a want of due care in approaching the rivers, where it was known that quantities of these infernal machines were planted; but, because these vessels were destroyed in their anxiety to get ahead, it detracts nothing from the character of Rear-Admiral Thatcher and his officers for the apparent want of that prudence which every officer should exhibit in all military operations, who has the lives of officers and men at his disposal. It is well known now that Mobile was better supplied with torpedoes than any other point, with perhaps the exception of the James River, and those at Mobile having been put down at the last moment were more than usually dangerous.

The Milwaukee, Lieutenant-Commander J. H. Gillis, and the Osage, Lieutenant-Commander W. M. Gamble, were sunk at the entrance to Blakely River, the former on the 28th of March and the latter on the 29th. The tin-clad Rodolph was sunk by a torpedo on the 1st of April, while towing a scow with implements to try and raise the Milwaukee. These, with the two steam-tugs, two launches, and the gun-boat Sciota (blown up), made eight vessels in all destroyed on this occasion. Fortunately the war was over and the Government did not need the vessels, which were valuable ones.

The following is a list of the losses experienced by the sinking of the vessels named above:

Osage, 3 killed, 8 wounded; Rodolph, 4 killed, 11 wounded; Cincinnati's launch, 3 killed; Althea, 2 killed, 2 wounded; Sciota, 4 killed, 6 wounded; Ida, 2 killed, 3 wounded.

Though the war may be said to have virtually ended by the surrender of General Lee, on April 9th, 1865, and of General Joe Johnston, on April 27th, and naval and military operations against the Confederates may be said to have ceased, yet up to the last moment the Texans were apparently as active as ever in their domain, and for a short time it looked as if they were going “to fight it out on that line, if it took all summer.”

One of their last acts was an attempt to run the blockade with the ram Webb, which had made herself so famous in sinking the Indianola. The Webb was remarkably fast and a good sea-going vessel. She was loaded with cotton by private parties, who at the same time were prepared to fight, and had put on board a crew of forty-five men. Besides the cotton, part of her cargo was made up of rosin and turpentine.

No one was thinking of such an attempt, when the Webb appeared above New Orleans on April 24th, 1865, running at full speed, and passed down the river. She was flying the United States flag, and had a torpedo on a pole projecting from the bow. Every one who saw the Webb took her for an army transport, but, being finally recognized by some one, she received two shot in her hull, which, however, did no damage.

The Hollyhock, Lieutenant-Commanander Bancroft Gherardi; the Florida, Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant-Commander Wm. Budd; the Quaker City, Commander Wm. F. Spicer, and the Ossipee, Commander Wm. E. LeRoy, got underway as soon as they could get up steam and went in pursuit of the Webb, the Hollyhock far in the lead. When the Webb was about twenty-five miles below New Orleans, she encountered the Richmond, Captain Theodore P. Green, coming up the river. The chances for her escape being thus cut off, the Webb was headed for the left bank of the river and run ashore, and was set on fire by her commander, Edward G. Reed, formerly of the United States Navy. Her cargo, being very inflammable, she was soon ablaze from stem to stern and blew up, the crew escaping to the shore.

Thus ended the career of this remarkable ram, that had caused, at times, a good deal of uneasiness along the river and had done considerable damage. She followed in the footsteps of all the Confederate rams, and was the last one that we know of that was at that time owned by the Confederacy. The following officers of the Webb gave themselves up, after having been pursued to the swamps by the Navy: Lieutenant Read, her late commanding officer; Lieutenant Wm. H. Wall, Master S. P. LeBlanc, Passed-Midshipman H. H. Scott, Assistant Surgeon W. J. Addison, and Pilot James West.

It was not until the 25th of May that the Confederates began to evacuate their fortified places in Texas and return to their homes. The first place evacuated was the works at Sabine Pass, which had been a point both parties had contended for throughout the war.

About May 27th, the Confederate Army in Texas generally disbanded, taking advantage of the terms of surrender entered into and executed at New Orleans between [787] the Confederate Commissioners and General Canby, of the U. S. Army, where all the Confederate fortifications and property was given up.

No Confederate naval force was left in Texas except the remains of the ram Missouri, which was surrendered to the commander of the Mississippi Squadron.

Galveston was surrendered on the 7th of June, and the place taken possession of by the gun-boats under Captain B F. Sands, who took the proper steps to buoy out the channel and take charge of the Government property. Rear-Admiral Thatcher visited the civil authorities on shore, who seemed to be well satisfied with the turn affairs had taken, and again and again re iterated their desire that there should be no disturbance of the existing state of affairs, and requesting that a portion of the gun-boats should be kept at Galveston for the protection of the city! All the forts throughout the State as far as Brownsville were soon after garrisoned by United States troops, and thus ended the war in Texas.

When peace was concluded, the Texans were determined to observe the terms religiously. These people had fought bravely and squarely, resorting to few, if any, of the tricks and offensive measures pursued by the home-guards along the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers; and when they laid down their arms and returned to their homes, it was evidently with the intention of not taking them up again except to defend the flag against which they had been so lately fighting.

The gallant old officer, Acting-Rear-Admiral Thatcher, was relieved a short time after from his command, which he had conducted with vigor and remarkable judgment. He was made a full Rear-Admiral for the services he had rendered during the war, and no officer in the Navy better deserved the honors he had won or the rewards he had reaped.

West Gulf Squadron, January 1, 1865.

Commodore James S. Palmer.

Staff

Lieutenant-Commander S. R. Franklin, Fleet-Captain; Fleet-Paymaster, Edward T. Dunn; Fleet-Surgeon, James C. Palmer; Fleet-Engineer, William H. Shock; Assistant-Surgeon, Theoron Woolverton; Acting-Ensigns, Frederick T. Mason, Alex. S. Gibson, T. M. L. Chrystie, Aides.

Richmond--Second-rate.

Captain, Thornton A. Jenkins; Lieutenant-Commander, Edw. A. Terry; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Chas. J. Gibbs; Surgeon, L. J. Williams; Assistant Surgeon, J. McD. Rice; Paymaster, Edwin Stewart; Second-Lieutenant of Marines, C. L. Sherman; Acting-Masters and Pilots, J. W. Grivet and C. J. Lawrence; Ensign, P. H. Cooper; Acting-Ensigns, C. M. Chester, Lewis Clark and A. H. Wright; Acting-Master's Mate, T. J. Werner; Engineers: Chief, Jackson McElmell; First-Assistant, E. J. Brooks; Second-Assistants, John Wilson, A. J. Kenyon, Absalom Kirby, Robert Weir and William H. Crawford; Third-Assistant, C. W. Senter; Acting-Third-Assistant, Thomas McElmell; Boatswain, I. T. Choate; Acting-Gunner, Addison Fisk; Acting-Carpenter, O. W. Griffiths; Sailmaker, William Rogers.

Lackawanna--Second-rate.

Captain, George F. Emmons; Lieutenant-Commander, Chas. S. Norton; Lieutenants, S. A. McCarty and C. D. Jones; Surgeon, Thomas W. Leach; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, W. F. Hutchinson; Assistant Paymaster, Geo. S. Benedict; Acting-Master, John H. Allen; Ensigns, Geo. H. Wadleigh and Frank Wildes; Acting-Ensigns, Clarence Rathbone, F. A. Cook and W. J. Lewis; Engineers: Acting-Chief, W. A. R. Latimer; Second-Assistant, G. W. Roche; Acting-Second-Assistant, John Miller; Third-Assistant, I. B. Fort; Acting-Third-Assistants, G. W. Russell and T. W. Sillman; Acting-Boatswain, J. G. Briggs; Gunner, J. G. Foster.

Potomac--Fourth rate.

Commander, A. Gibson; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. S. Smith; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. H. Wood; Chaplain, Robert Given; Acting-Ensigns, R. Canfield, T. H. Baker, Thos. McLeavy, J. B. Barker and J. H. Church; Acting-Master's Mate, A. Whiting.

Monongahela--Second-rate.

Commander, James H. Strong; Lieutenants, T. C. Bowen and Oliver A. Batcheller; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Henry Rockwood; Assistant Paymaster, Forbes Parker; Acting-Ensigns, Geo. Gerrad, P. F. Harrington and D. W. Mullan; Acting-Master's Mate, W. B. Arnaud; Engineers: Chief, Geo. F. Kutz; First-Assistant, Joseph Trilley; Second-Assistants, John J. Bissett, Edward Cheney and P. J. Langer; Acting-Third-Assistants, A. C. Wilcox and H. L. Churchill; Boatswain, Wm. Green; Acting-Gunner, M. B. Means.

Portsmouth--Third-rate.

Commander, Louis C. Sartori; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, William C. Lyman; Assistant Paymaster, E. Putnam; Acting-Masters, John Wallace and H. M. Peirce; Acting-Ensigns, J. F. Perkins and J. P. Pearson; Acting-Master's Mates, T. H. Jenks and T. S. Flood; Gunner, W. Cheney; Carpenter, G. E. Burcham; Sailmaker, L. B. Wakeman.

Ossipee--Second-rate.

Commander, Wm. E. LeRoy; Lieutenants, John A. Howell and Richard S. Chew; Surgeon, B. F. Gibbs; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, W. L. Pynchon; Acting-Masters, C. C. Bunker and H. S. Lambert; Acting-Ensigns, Charles E. Clark and W. A. Van Vleck; Engineers: Acting-Chief, James M. Adams; Second-Assistants, W. W. Vanderbilt and W. H. De Hart; Acting-Second-Assistants, M. H. Gerry, J. R. Webb, G. W. Kidder and William Collier; Boatswain, Andrew Milne; Gunner, J. Q. Adams.

[788]

Bienville--Second-rate.

Commander, J. R. M. Mullany; Lieutenant, Henry L. Howison; Passed-Assistant Surgeon, A. C. Rhoades; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, W. W. Goodwin; Acting-Master, T. N. Meyer; Acting-Ensigns, Emile J. Enfer, G. H. French and F. O. Abbott; Acting-Master's Mates, J. R. Lee, T. H. Soule, Jr., and 0. G. Spear; Engineers: Acting-Chief, Wm. F. Wright; Acting-First-Assistant, Warren Ewen; Acting-Second Assistants, P. O. Brightman and E. D. Merritt; Acting-Third-Assistants, D. J. O'Keefe and Edward Torallas; Acting-Gunner, Wm. T Laforge.

Seminole--Third-rate.

Commander, Albert G. Clary; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, George Mundy; Surgeon, J. C. Spear; Paymaster, L. S. Stockwell; Acting-Master, Wm. A. Maine: Acting-Ensigns, D. K. Perkins, Francis Kempton and W. S. Church; Acting-Master's Mates, Henry Webb and C. A. Thorne; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistants, Claude Babcock and A. R. Calden; Acting-Third-Assistants, Wm. Drinkwater, P. J. Hughes and Geo. Ellis.

Oneida--Third-rate.

Commander, Thomas H. Stephens; Lieutenants, C. L. Huntington and E. N. Kellogg; Surgeon, John J. Gibson; Assistant-Paymaster, G. R. Martin; Acting-Ensign, Chas. V. Vridley; Acting-Master's Mates, Edward Bird and Daniel Clark; Engineers: Chief, Wm. H. Hunt; Second-Assistant, David Hardie; Acting-Second-Assistants, B. S. Cooke and W. C. Barrett; Acting-Boatswain, Hallowell Dickinson.

Princess Royal--Third-rate.

Commander, M. B. Woolsey; Lieutenant, Chas. E. McKay; Acting Assistant Surgeon, T. R. Chandler; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, F. T. Morton; Acting-Ensigns, A. H. Reynolds, T. A. Witham, J. J. Moule and C. K. Porter; Acting-Master's Mates, Wm. E. Cannon and Lewis Johnson; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, Wm. Huntley; Second-Assistant, J. E. Fallon; Acting-Third-Assistants, A. J. Redmond, Peter Taylor and Geo. W. Caldwell.

Octorara--Third-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Wm. W. Low; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Wm. D. Urann; Assistant Surgeon, E. R. Dodge; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. H. Pynchon; Acting-Masters, H. S. Young and M. W. McEntee; Acting-Ensigns, Geo. H. Dodge and J. N. Frost; Acting-Master's Mates, Geo. P. Gifford and Geo. W. Adams; Engineers: W. W. Shipman, R. B. Plotts and Joseph Knight.

Kickapoo--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, M. P. Jones; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, D. C. Woods; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Foster Thayer; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, F. B. Gilbert; Acting-Masters, S. V. Bennis and DeWayne Stebbins; Acting-Ensigns, J. W. Chandler, Ezra Bassett, F. W. Grantzour and G. G. Tripp; Acting-Master's Mates. E. R. Bradley and L. W. Sedam; Engineers: Acting-Chief, D. C. Riter; Acting-First-Assistant, G. W. Lunpkins; Acting-Second-Assistants, N. F. Johnson, Andrew Dolan and Samuel M. Sykes; Acting-Third-Assistants, Wm. T. Baxter, Wm. S. Robb, John Feihl and Martin Hilands; Acting-Gunner, J. H. Howe; Acting-Carpenter, Wm. Ostermeyer.

Metacomet--Third-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, James E. Jouett; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, H. J. Sleeper; Assistant Surgeon, E. D. Payne; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, H. M. Harriman; Acting-Masters, C. C. Gill and H. C. Nields; Acting-Master and Pilot, R. Riggs; Acting-Ensigns, James Brown and R. N. Miller; Acting-Master's Mates, J. K. Goodwin and Chas. Harcourt; Engineers, First-Assistant, James Atkins; Second-Assistants, C. H. Ball and G. P. Hunt; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. H. Nash, S. W. King and Patrick Maloney; Acting-Gunner, James Lamon.

Kineo--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, John Watters; Lieutenant, Chas. S. Cotton; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. S. Perkins; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Allen J. Clark; Acting-Ensigns. H. W. Mather, W. S. Keen and D. J. Starbuck; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, J. S. Harper; Acting-Third-Assistant, Richard Thall.

J. P. Jackson--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Bancroft Gherardi; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, L. W. Pennington; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Thomas S. Yard; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Chas. B. Perry; Acting-Master, H. R. Billings; Acting-Masters and Pilots, James Maycock and Henry Rehder; Acting-Ensigns, W. H. Howard and Jos. H. Wainwright; Acting-Master's Mates, Achilles Kalniski and C. T. Taylor; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, Charles Goodman; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. D. Caldwell, Albert Mayer and J. E. Hare.

Cayuga--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Henry Wilson; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. E. Parsons; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Wm. A. Mann; Acting-Master, John Hanson; Acting-Ensigns, W. F. Dolliver, Isaac A. Abbott, Robert Morris and E. P. Stevens; Engineers: Second-Assistants, J. C. Chaffee and W. A. H. Allen; Acting-Third-Assistants, Thomas Kidd and J. D. Thompson.

Penobscot--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, A. E. K. Benham; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, F. C. Sargeant; Assistant Paymaster, F. P. Hinman: Acting Master, Charles E. Jack; Acting-Ensigns, Edw. Pendexter, T. McL. Miller, W. G. Campbell and Wm. Wingood, Jr.; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, W. M. Rodes; Acting-Third-Assistants, Warren Howland, E. T. Henry and John Carey.

Genesee--Third-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, John Irwin; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, W. L. Wheeler; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, F. C. Alley; Acting-Masters, F. H. Grove, Wm. Hanson and Edwin Crissey; Acting-Ensigns, Sydney Hall, John Cannon and G. B. Foster; Acting-Master's Mate, J. N. Peabody; Engineers: Second-Assistants, T. W. Rae, M. W. Mather, Michael McLaughlin and Christopher Nulton; Third-Assistant, E. W. Clark; Acting-Third-Assistant, John H. Dee.

Aroostook--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Joseph S. Skerrett; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. H. Richards; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, E. St. C. Clarke; Acting-Master, P. S. Borden; Acting-Ensigns, John Griffin and Wm. Barker; Acting-Master's Mate, Edward Culbert; Engineers: Second-Assistants, Samuel Gragg and James Entwistle; Acting-Third-Assistants, Nathan Brown, L. M. Reenstjerna and J. P. Somerby.

Vincennes--Third-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, C. H. Greene; Assistant Surgeon, J. W. Newcomer; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Samuel Jordan; Acting-Masters, A. E. Hunter and L. A. Brown; Acting-Ensign, Robert Henderson; Acting-Boatswain, John Smith; Acting-Gunner, Wm. Kneeland; Sailmaker, Geo. Thomas.

Milwaukee--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, James H. Gillis; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, F. John Grover; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, N. Brewster; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, G. S. Horne; Acting-Master, Geo. W. Garrison; Acting-Ensigns, N. T. Crocker, E. D. Springer, [789] R. L. E. Coombs and J. W. Crocker; Acting-Master's Mates, Geo. H. Cole, T. W. Stuart and G. W. Perrigo; Engineers: First-Assistant, John Purdy, Jr.; Acting-Second-Assistants, Chas. Metzger, John Adkins, Henry Bauer, S. W. Evans and Frank Leonard; Acting-Third-Assistants, F. A. Hurd; Jacob Wahl, H. L. Dickerson, Morgan Lutton, J. Henry Blanch and W. A. Blanch.

Sebago--Third-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Wm. E. Fitzhugh; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, T. Munson Coan; Assistant Paymaster, Henry A. Strong; Acting-Master, J. B. Rodgers; Acting Master and Pilot, J. H. Collins; Acting-Ensigns, E. D. Martin, S. G. Blood and J. T. Hamilton; Acting-Master's Mates, Thomas Elsmore and W. A. Hynard; Engineers: Acting-First Assistant, Wm. H. Morris; Acting-Second-Assistant, W. P. Ayres; Acting-Third-Assistants, Robert Miller and Franklin Babcock; Acting-Gunner, John Roberts.

Kennebec--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander Trevett Abbott; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Edward Baker; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, W. H. Taggert: Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Elisha Ward; Acting-Masters, A. L. Emerson and J. J. Butler; Acting-Ensigns, J. D. Ellis; Acting-Master's Mate, A. A. Mann; Engineers: Second-Assistant, L. W. Robinson; Acting-Second-Assistant, J. S. Pearce; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. N. Johnson and James Eccles.

Itasca--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, George Brown; Surgeon, David Kindleberger; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, A. G. Lathrop; Acting-Master, Richard Hustace; Acting-Ensigns, C. H. Hurd, James Igo and E. S. Lowe; Acting-Master's Mates, Marcus Chapman and L. E. Heath; Engineers: Second-Assistants, John Borthwick and G. C. Irelan; Acting-Second-Assistant, Alfred Hoyt; Acting-Third-Assistant, C. A. Laws.

Kanawha--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Bushrod B. Taylor; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, F. W. Brigham; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, W. 0. Jube ; Acting-Ensigns, W. A. Purdie, R. P. Boss, F. H. Deering and E. R. Westcott; Acting-Master's Mate, James J. Clark; Engineers: Second-Assistant, M. M. Murphy; Acting-Third-Assistants, B. F. Sanborn, Anthony Higgins, W. D. Pancake and P. H. Friel.

Pembina--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, J. G. Maxwell; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, A. R. Holmes; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Walter Fuller; Acting-Masters, Bowen Allen and F. E. Ellis; Acting-Ensigns, Wm. Lyddon, B. M. Chester, Chas. Putnam and C. L. Crandall; Acting-Master's Mate, H. T. Davis; Engineers: Third-Assistants, C. F. Nagle, C. F. Stroud and Augustus Dewitt.

Panola.--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Henry Erben; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, A. Y. Hanson; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, A. B. Robinson; Acting-Ensigns, C. V. Rummell, J. W. Brown and A. P. Gibbs; Acting-Master's Mate, John Rosling; Engineers: Second-Assistant, Howard D. Potts; Acting-Second-Assistants, S. A. Appold and J. B. McGavern; Acting-Third-Assistants, Philip Ketler and F. E. Hosmer.

Chocura--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, Richard W. Meade, Jr.; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Charles Gaylord; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. G. Tobey; Acting-Master, Alfred Washburn; Acting-Ensigns, T. F. Tracy, M. Carver, Robert Beardsley, A. P. Atwood and T. G. Watson; Engineers: Second-Assistants, H. H. Moloney and Theodore Cooper; Acting-Second-Assistant, O. D. Hughes; Third-Assistants, N. H. Lawton and Andrew Blythe.

Winnebago--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, W. A. Kirkland; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. G. Bell; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Henry Gerrard; Acting-Master, A. S. Meggathlin; Acting-Master and Pilot, Wm. H. Wroten; Acting-Ensigns, James Whitworth, Michael Murphy and John Morrisey, Jr.; Acting-Master's Mates, Wm. Edgar, H. C. Atter and J. L. Hall; Engineers: Acting-Chief, Simon Schultice; Acting-First-Assistant, James Munroe; Second-Assistant, John Wilson; Acting-Second-Assistant, Philip Allman; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. M. Quin, R. D. Wright, T. J. Myers, James Morris, S. W. Dalton, Jr., and John Donaldson.

Chickasaw--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant-Commander, George H. Perkins; Acting-Volunteer Lieutenant, Wm. Hamilton; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. K. Bacon; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, E. S. Wheeler; Acting-Master and Pilot, Benj. Lancashier; Acting-Ensign, G. L. Jordan; Acting-Master's Mates, F. A. Case, M. F. Keeshan, Chas. Atkins, W. A. Osborn and M. J. Jones; Engineers: Acting-Chief, Wm. Rodgers; Acting-First-Assistant, E. P. Bartlett; Acting-Second-Assistant, J. M. Maratta; Acting-Third-Assistants, Alfred Wilkinson, A. H. Goff, George Harris, Henry Duckworth and Alexander Wiggins; Gunner, J. A. McDonald.

Selma--Fourth-rate.

Lieutenant, Arthur R. Yates; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Felix McCurley; Assistant Surgeon, Frederick Krecker; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, C. W. Clapp; Acting-Master and Pilot, J. H. Collins; Acting-Ensigns, L. R. Vance and W. A. DeWitt; Acting-Master's Mate, T. G. Gilmore; Engineers: Second-Assistants, John D. Ford and J. W. Patterson; Acting-Third-Assistants, H. W. Whiting and Edward Kenney.

Arkansas--Third-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, David Cate; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. D. G. Smith; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, E. G. Bishop; Acting-Ensigns, F. H. Beers and R. C. Dawes; Acting-Master's Mates, James Scully, T. E. Tinker and M. J. Nicholson; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, J. C. Cree; Acting-Second-Assistant, A. M. Clements; Acting-Third-Assistants, George Anderson and Charles Wolff.

Tritonia--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, George Wiggin; Acting-Master and Pilot, J. Nicholson; Acting-Ensign, F. R. Iaschke; Acting-Master's Mates, C. A. Trundy and H. P. Fish; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, James Findley; Acting-Third-Assistant, Abraham Geer.

Virginia--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Charles H. Brown; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, W. H. Kinney; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. B. Hoff; Acting-Master, W. G. Mitchell., Acting-Ensigns, M. A. Blume and F. E. Brackett ; Acting-Master's Mates, Herman Wissing and E. F. Small; Engineers: Second-Assistant, J. D. Toppen; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. S. Essler, J. E. Scribner, Charles Hoskins and Daniel Ward.

Penguin--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, James R. Beers; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, H. R. Ruckley; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, T. C. Hutchinson; Acting-Master, Tolford M. Durham; Acting-Ensign, Benj. Cantlett; Acting-Master's Mates, C. G. Smith, F. C. Army and W. A. Hannah; Acting-Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, F. W. Warner; Acting-Second-Assistant, [790] M. P. Randall; Acting-Third-Assistants, John Webster, Richard Reilly and Dewitt C. McBride.

Cornelia--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, John A. Johnstone; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. G. Dearborne; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, A. Eastlake; Acting-Master, Geo. Ferris; Acting-Ensigns, G. A. Harriman, Frank Millett and G. F. Brailey; Acting-Master's Mates, W. H. Wood and G. H. Russell; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, S. R. Brumage; Acting-Second-Assistant, T. J. Lavery; Acting-Third-Assistants; J. A. Boynton and George Altham.

Buckthorn--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Washington Godfrey; Acting-Master's Mates, B. F. Robinson, H. J. Wynde and H. A. Mayo; Engineers: Acting-Third-Assistants, E. R. Hubbard and W. H. Allen.

Augusta Dinsmore--Third-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, M. B. Crowell; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Ezra Pray; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, D. F. Power; Acting--Ensigns, C. F. R Wappenhaus, T. H. Paine, C. H. Blount and F. A. G. Bacon; Acting-Master's Mate, A. S. Eldredge; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, John Seaman; Acting-Third-Assistants, Henry Lyon, Jr., W. E. Deaver, F. V. Christin and F. Scott.

Antona--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, John F. Harden; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, S. B. Doty; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, H. M. Whittemore; Acting-Ensigns, F. W. Hearn, John Sears, W. G. Jones and John Bowman; Acting-Master's Mates, C. E. Schofield and G. T. Carey; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, S. T. Reeves; Acting-Third-Assistants, Thos. Petherick, Jr., J. H. Burchmore and John Chambers.

Stockdale--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Thomas Edwards; Acting-Assistant Paymasters, J. W. Day and W. R. Sherwood; Acting-Ensign, H. F. Martin; Acting-Master's Mates, S. H. Johnson, C. H. Cleveland, Daniel Dennis and George Rogers; Engineers: Acting-Third-Assistants, A. McH. Geary, Ambrose Kimball and Wm. W. Lewis.

Elk--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Nicholas Kirby; Acting-Assistant-Surgeon, H. H. Wilkins; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, W. C. Robbins; Acting-Master and Pilot, Jacob Lindee; Acting-Ensigns, W. D. Taber and H. W. Brackett; Acting-Master's Mate, Alfred A. J. Emery; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistants, Benj. Labree, T. H. Nelson and R. W. Mars; Acting-Third-Assistants, T. R. Thompson and John S. Hays.

Carrabassett--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Ezra Leonard; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, C. W. Knight; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, D. W. Riddle; Acting-Ensign, A. L. C. Bowie; Acting-Master's Mates, A. A. Delano and John Devereux; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, J. W. Hindman; Acting-Third-Assistants, T. Harding, James Crooks and Jerome Haas.

Nyanza--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, C. A. Boutelle; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, W. G. Frost; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, H. S. Gregory; Acting-Master, J. F. Beyer; Acting-Ensign, J. M. Chadwick; Acting-Master's Mate, J. H. Mallon; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, Wm. Doyle; Acting-Second-Assistant, Bernard Martin; Acting-Third-Assistants, R. G. Watson and Henry James.

Sciota--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, J. H. Magune; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, R. P. Sawyer; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, B. H. Franklin; Acting-Ensign, Chas. A. Cannon; Engineers: Second-Assistants, Wm. F. Pratt and Daniel Dod.

Sam Houston--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Martin Freeman; Acting-Master, Wm. Stewart.

Port Royal--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Thomas M. Gardner; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, L. R. Boyce; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, F. K. Moore; Acting-Master, Wm. Hull; Acting-Ensigns, E. W. Snare and F. S. Hopkins; Acting-Master's Mate, E. V. Tyson, S. S. Bumpers, W. A. Prescott and Wm. Campbell; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, Henry Moyles; Third-Assistant, W. C. F. Reichenbach; Acting-Third-Assistant, T. B. Brown.

Tallahatchie--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Thos. J. Lennekin; Acting Assistant Surgeon, A. l'anglois; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. C. Sawyer; Acting-Master and Pilot, James Redding; Acting-Ensigns, Haskell Crosby, S. H. Berino and W. B. Pease; Acting-Master's Mates, Wm. McKnight, John Smith and Thomas Pindar; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, D. R. Sims; Acting-Second-Assistant, W. M. Stewart; Acting-Third-Assistants, John A. Dalton and J. Moran.

Glasgow--Fourth rate.

Acting-Master, Richard J. Hoffner; Acting-Master and Pilot, Frank Kane; Acting-Ensign, Charles Welles; Acting-Master's Mates, F. A. Sherman, J. F. Baker, and W. H. Childs; Engineers: Second-Assistant, John F. Bingham; Acting-Third-Assistants, R S. Lytle and John McAuliffe.

Pampero--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Oliver Colbourn; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. C. Neal; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, A. B. Clark; Acting-Master's Mates, Rodger Farrell and J. L. Blauvelt.

Arizona--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Howard Tibbits; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, S. S. Green; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, G. B. Tripp; Acting-Master, Wm. Harcourt; Acting-Ensign, F. Aug. Miller; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, W. H. Thomson; Second-Assistant, P. G. Eastwick; Acting-Third-Assistant, John Lewis.

Gertrude--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Henry C. Wade; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Adam Shirk; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, R. R. Brawley; Acting-Ensigns, Wm. Shepard and Fred. Newell; Acting-Master's Mates, Benj. Leeds and C. A. Osborn; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, W. H. Brown; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. H. Nesen, F. C. Morey and C. O. Farciot.

Pocahontas--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, E. E. Pendleton; Assistant Surgeon, C. L. Green; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, A. J. Wright, Jr.; Acting-Ensign, I. J. McKinley; Acting-Master's Mates, B. W. Tucker, Jr., J. H. Pray and J. L. Gould; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistants, W. T. Warburton and Alex. McDonald; Acting-Third-Assistants, R. F. Carter, J. H. Doughty and W. D. Hyde.

Arthur--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Joseph E. Stannard; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, C. E. Mitchell; Acting-Ensign, G. M. Bogart; Acting-Master's Mate, Robert Wood.

[791]

New London--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Lyman Wells; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Geo. M. Beard; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, E. A. Chadwick; Acting-Ensigns, J. M. C. Reville, V. W. Jones and H. Z. Howard; Acting-Master's Mate, E. J. Hennessy; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, H. P. Powers; Acting-Third-Assistants, John Dunlap, James Creevy and John Quinn.

Fort Gaines--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, John R. Hamilton; Acting-Ensign, S. A. Ryder; Acting-Master's Mates, W. J. Thornton, Bernard Segersteen and Wi. Brown; Engineers: Acting-Third-Assistants, Lucas Golden, Wm. Clark, Henry Moxley and Thomas Smith.

Owasco--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Masters, Thomas B. Sears and John Utter; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. J. Smith; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Wm. B. Coleman; Acting-Master's Mates, F. C. Duncan and A. L. Stevens; Engineers: Second-Assistant, Haviland Barstow; Acting-Third-Assistants, T. H. Carton and G. W. Latham.

Bohio--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Wm. M. Stannard; Acting-Master's Mate, Daniel Parsons.

Meteor--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Meletiah Jordan; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, John M. Skillman; Acting-Ensigns, W. S. Romme, J. L. Hall and C. H. Sawyer; Acting-Master's Mates, T. W. Jones and J. F. Porter; Engineers: Acting-Third-Assistants, Wm. Connell, Wm. Boyle, William Brown and P. J. Murphy.

Katahdin--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Edward Terrill; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, G. D. Buckner; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, L. D. Bradley; Acting-Master and Pilot, Bernard Crone; Acting-Ensigns, G. A. Faunce and Wm. Ross; Engineers: Second-Assistant, N. B. Clark; Acting-Second-Assistant, Thomas Tuttle; Acting-Third-Assistants, Samuel Wallace and H. C. Reynolds.

Estrella--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, G. P. Pomeroy; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, T. E. Clark; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, G. L. Hoodless; Acting-Master's Mates, E. G. Caswell and Charles Sidney; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, R. G. Pope; Acting-Third-Assistants, Geo. R. Marble and J. F. Winters.

Rodolph--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, N. M. Dyer; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. P. Colby; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. C. Graves; Acting-Master and Pilot, John Robinson; Acting-Ensign, J. F. Thomson; Acting-Master's Mates, N. B. Hinckley and John Dickson; Engineers: Acting-Second Assistant, J. W. Smyth; Acting-Third-Assistants, Levi Robbins, Joshua Halsall and Charles Robinson.

Pink--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Samuel Belden; Acting-Ensigns, George A. Steen and H. D. Packard; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, A. B. Besse; Acting Third-Assistants, S. S. Pettingell, H. C. Jewett and J. G. Cunningham.

Corypheus--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, J. S. Clark; Acting-Ensign, J. H. Gregory; Acting-Master's Mate, William McCann.

Glide--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, Levi S. Fickett; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Abraham Depue; Acting-Ensigns, Jas. Sheppard and J. P. Cole; Acting-Master's Mates Joseph Griffin, W. D. Gregory and Charles Heath; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, M. F. Rogers; Acting-Third-Assistants, W. Matthews and T. R. Thompson.

Maria A. Wood--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master, John Ross; Acting-Master's Mates, Charles Fort and E. S. Stover.

Cowslip--Fourth rate.

Acting-Master, Wm. T. Bacon; Acting-Ensign, John Dennett; Acting-Ensign and Pilot, A. Bellandi; Acting-Master's Mates, Jacob Teal and F. A. Gross, Jr.; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, John Rogers; Acting-Third-Assistant, J. R. Davidson.

Hollyhock--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensign, Franklin Ellms; Acting-Master's Mate, Lewis Milk; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, Abraham Wilcox; Acting-Third-Assistants, Thomas Kennedy, Frank Rodgers, Frank Royce and Thos. Armstrong.

Kittatinny--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensigns, N. J. Blaisdell and W. F. Chatfield.

Rose--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensign, Walter D. Maddocks; Acting-Master's Mates, J. A. Plander, B. E. Treat and G. E. Symms; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, Wm. R. Nutz; Acting-Third-Assistants, Alpheus Nichols, H. A. Guild and W. L. Lewis.

Althea--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensigns, John Boyle and C. C. Wilbur; Acting-Master's Mates, Harry White and C. A. Blanchard; Engineers: Acting Second-Assistants, Jas. Kelren, Frederick D. Henriques and J. F. Smith.

Jasmine--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensign, J. F. Brenton; Acting-Third-Assistant Engineer, I. R. Burgoyne.

Fear not--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensigns, Abraham Rich and P. P. Hawks; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, T. E. Ryan; Acting-Master's Mate, W. Freeman.

J. C. Kuhn--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Ensign, Sewall H. Newman.

W. G. Anderson--Fourth rate.

Acting-Ensigns, Robert H. Carey and S. A. Brooks; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, T. M. Drummond; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, T. S. Dabney; Acting-Master's Mates, G. H. Rowen and Allan Reilley.

Bloomer--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Third-Assistant Engineer, Thomas G. Jones.

Charlotte--Fourth-rate.

Acting-Master's Mate, A. Whiting.

Ida--Fourth-rate.

Pilot, Benj. Tarbell; Acting Master's Mate, Henry Kent.

New Orleans, La., naval rendezvous.

Acting-Master, E. H. Howell; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, D. M. McLean.

Naval hospital.

Surgeon, J. Jones; Assistant Surgeons, Thomas Hiland and Heber Smith.

Mobile Bay.

Acting-Master, F. H. Grove; Acting-Master's Mates, C. R. Marple and E. A. Morse; Acting-Third-Assistant Engineer, J. L. Young.

Coast of Texas.

Acting-Ensign, Robert M. Hanson.

Southwest Pass.

Acting-Master, Wm. Jones.

Mississippi River.

Lieutenant-Commander Wm. Mitchell, Ordnance Officer; Assistant Paymaster W. C. Cook, Naval Storekeeper.


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