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No. 114.-report of Col. Thomas D. Sedgewick, Second Kentucky Infantry.

headquarters Second Kentucky Regiment On the Field of Battle, near Pittsburg Landing, April 9, 1862.
Dear SrI: In compliance with your orders I herewith submit a statement of the part taken in the battle on Monday, April 7, 1862, by the Second Kentucky Regiment, under my command:

Throwing forward Company A, under Captain Browne, and Company B, under Captain Baldwin, as skirmishers, we moved forward in the center of the division until we gained the ground designated by General Nelson for us to halt and wait for further orders.

Between 9 and 10 o'clock, by order of General Nelson, we moved forward in line to the right, to attack a battery of the enemy that was shelling our left wing. After advancing cautiously for about a quarter of a mile I found that we were on a line perpendicular with the battery. I immediately ordered a change of front to the rear, but before the movement was completed we were opened upon by two regiments of infantry, concealed in a dense thicket that intervened between us and the battery. The fire was so severe that for a moment officers and men recoiled, but we soon rallied, and advanced step by step, supported on the right and left flanks by two regiments (names and numbers unknown). Gaining the edge of the thicket, the fight became almost hand to hand-Here the slaughter on both sides was terrible. Captain Spellmeyer, Company C, fell dead with three fearful wounds. Captains Bodine and Smith, Adjutant Weinedel, and Lieutenants Miller and Alms were carried to the rear, all seriously wounded, and within a space of 30 yards fell over 200 of the enemy. Driving them from the thicket, they rallied around the battery stationed on a small hill directly in front of us. With a cheer our men went up the hill, and in ten minutes had possession of the battery. We held it but a few minutes, when the enemy, re-enforced by two regiments, advanced upon us, and we were compelled to retire. [352]

In retiring we were attacked by a large body of the enemy, who made a desperate effort to obtain possession of our colors, but fighting our way through to the right we'emerged from the thickest of the contest with about one-third of the regiment, but with our colors safe, although riddled with grape and musket-balls. We remained outside of the fight until the men were again rallied, when Captain Fry, assistant adjutant-general, of General Buell's staff, ordered us forward to the support of a battery that had engaged one on the enemy's side. We remained acting as support but a few moments, when, with a portion of Colonel Dunham's Indiana regiment, we charged the enemy's battery, routing them completely and securing their guns, one of which I had run to the rear and spiked, and the rest were turned upon the enemy's cavalry, who were observed retreating in great numbers through the woods on our right. We remained on the ground thus obtained until several regiments joined us, when I withdrew and joined our brigade.

In conclusion, I beg leave to make mention of the brave conduct of my officers, several of whom displayed the most heroic bravery. Captain Spellmeyer was killed in rallying his company around the colors. Captains Bodine and Smith both fell severely wounded at the head of their commands. Lieutenants Miller and Taylor and Adjutant Weinedel received wounds whilst encouraging the men. Lieutenant-Colonel Spencer, Major Hurd, Captains Whittlesey and Stacy, and Lieutenants Cook, Hurd, Bonticon, Tuley, Lauman, Thayer, and Bell all displayed great courage during the entire day.

Captains Browne and Baldwin and Lieutenants Martin and Brannon, and all the men engaged in the skirmishing, executed their share of the work in the bravest possible manner.

I have the honor to be, with much respect, your obedient servant,

T. D. Sedgewick, Colonel, Commanding Second Kentucky. S. T. Corn, Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen., Second Brigade.

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