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No. 176.-report of Col. August Reichard, Twentieth Louisiana Infantry.

Hdqrs. Twentieth Regiment Louisiana Vols., Camp, near Corinth, Miss., April 11, 1862.
Sir: I beg leave to submit the following report in relation to the participation of my regiment in the battle of Shiloh on the 6th and 7th instant:

I took into the field 3 field, 5 staff, and 27 company officers, with 472 rank and file, with whom, according to the disposition made, I occupied the extreme left of the brigade, somewhat in rear of the right of Colonel Pond's brigade.

Soon after the commencement of the battle the brigade moved forward, and as we approached the enemy I was ordered to file off by the left, in the execution of which movement, the regiment passing through a dense undergrowth in which it was impossible to see five paces ahead, I was suddenly informed that we were separated from the balance of the brigade. Just at the moment when I was retracing my steps to rejoin the brigade a Tennessee regiment in full retreat broke right through my line, causing much disorder. The regiment, however, soon rallied, regained its position, and gallantly fought during the whole day side by side with the other regiments of the brigade. At the last charge, toward evening, when my regiment was severely cut up by a cross-fire from rifle pits and a battery pouring forth a hail-storm of canister, my regiment was separated from the rest of the brigade, and, as night set in, I led the remnant of the regiment to our hospital, where we bivouacked.

The next morning, having collected many of my men, who had been scattered about, I put the regiment in movement, and, adding whatever stragglers I could gather on the road, reported to General Beauregard for orders. He ordered me to re-enforce General Breekinridge, who [508] found himself hard pressed on our left, and, after reporting to him, took immediate part in the fight that was going on before us.

The enemy having fallen back, General Breckinridge ordered me to go to the support of a battery which had taken position to our right, beyond an open field, sweeping an open passage leading, I suppose, to the river. The enemy in front having been dislodged, and there being no further necessity to remain with the battery, I moved toward the left, where the fight was harder. On the way I met General Breckinridge, and asking for further orders, he directed me to join General Cheatham's brigade; but in case I should not be able to find him, to join any other brigade where I could make myself most useful. Not finding General Cheatham's brigade, and meeting my own commander, General Patton Anderson, I of course joined his brigade and kept up fighting under his command until the order for retreat was issued.

My regiment fought this their first battle with the utmost bravery; and where, with very few exceptions, almost every one faithfully performed his duty, it is almost out of place to make distinctions. I cannot, however, omit to mention First Lieutenant Bishop, of Company A, who throughout both days made himself conspicuous for his gallantry and the cool, collected manner in which he was unremittedly occupied in keeping his company well in hand.

Lieutenant-Colonel Boyd was slightly wounded early in the first day's fight, but remained at his post until that evening.

Maj. Leon Yon Zinken bravely led several attacks with the colors in his hand but was disabled early on the second day by the fall of his --horse, which was killed under him.

The color-bearer, Sergeant Hoffmann, paid with his life the gallant manner in which he carried the colors, always into the thickest of the fight.

The annexed statement (A) gives a revised account of the killed, wounded and missing.1

I remain, sir, your most obedient servant

Aug. Reichard, Colonel, Comdg. Twentieth Regiment Louisiana Vols. Capt. W. G. Barth, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Second Brigade.

1 Not found.

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