population drawn from their own territories and from European
The manifesto further says: “Failure makes us vassals of an arrogant people.
Failure will compel us to drink the cup of humiliation, even to the bitter dregs of having the history of our struggle written by New England
But even this excruciating peril seemed to the Southern
people, whose sons were dead and whose livelihood was gone, a less calamity than paying a thousand dollars of their money for a barrel of flour, and seeing their white-haired fathers and fifteen-year-old boys now forcibly thrown into the mill of blood.
They wanted peace.
They began to see in Jefferson Davis
and his associates, not a group of patriots, but a heartless, selfish, unscrupulous gang of intriguers.
They began to go home from the army.
There was no pay and no food for those who devotedly remained faithful to Lee
was closing in. On April 3 Lee