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On Friday, April 12, 1861, news reached Galena that South Carolina had fired upon Fort Sumter. On Monday came tidings of its capture. On Tuesday there was a town meeting, with a slippery mayor. But two spirits of a different quality spoke out. Washburne said, “Any man who will try to stir party prejudices at such a time as this is a traitor.” Rawlins ended his fervent speech, “We will stand by the flag of our country, and appeal to the God of battles.” These two names must always be joined with Grant's fortunes; and this was the first night of their common cause. Washburne in Congress became Grant's good angel against the public, and Rawlins in Grant's tent was his good angel against temptation — John A. Rawlins, farmer, charcoal-burner, self-educated lawyer, “swarthy, rough-hewn, passionate,” as

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