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“ [53] the movement,” waited till night, and went. He took Paducah without firing a gun. Through his prompt sagacity the Ohio was locked against Polk. He now wanted to “keep moving,” according to his view of war; but Fremont could not see that Columbus should be taken, and Polk was allowed to fortify there and to send some forces against a Union command in Missouri. On November 5, Grant wrote to C. F. Smith, who was holding the mouth of the Cumberland, “The principal point to gain is to prevent the enemy from sending a force in the rear of those now out of his command.” Accordingly, two days after Grant steamed down the river in the morning upon Belmont on the west bank, and retreated up the river again in the evening. He had surprised and destroyed the enemy's camp; but Polk crossed with re-enforcements from Columbus, and, regaining the field, drove him from it with a loss of five hundred

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