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[61] his absence: his reputation was at stake. He gathered the fragments, and before evening knew he was master by a shrewd inference which has become historic. The enemy's haversacks held three days rations. Others saw in this a preparation for a three days fight; but Grant knew it meant, not fight, but flight. He saw that next morning would give him Donelson. He wrote to Halleck, “They will surrender to-morrow,” and, when asked if this was not a premature message, referred to the haversacks as the basis of his conviction.

When the surrender was arranged, one of the young men — the one who had spoken of Jomini — hoped that they would have the picturesque formalities of such occasions, the lowered flags and so forth. But Grant said, emphatically, no. “Why humiliate a brave enemy?” he inquired. “We've got them. That is all we want.” When the crestfallen Buckner capitulated, and Grant found

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Ulysses S. Grant (3)
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