claimed to be superior in numbers twenty miles distant in its front, while the commander made his headquarters and passed his nights nine miles away on the opposite side of the river.
It had no line or order of battle, no defensive works of any sort, no outposts, properly speaking, to give warning or check the advance of an enemy, and no recognised head during the absence of the regular commander.
On a Sunday the hostile force arrived and formed in order of battle, without detection or hindrance, within a mile and a half of the unguarded army, advanced upon it the next morning, penetrated its disconnected lines. . . . Of Grant
himself — is nothing to be said? . . . If he could have done anything in the beginning, he was not on the ground in time. . . . But he was one of the many there who would have resisted while resistance could avail.
That is all that can be said, but it is an honourable record.”
A severe judgment,