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[66] which controversy sustains and history will affirm. Inexperience is the honest explanation.

Grant's fame is not helped by covering Shiloh, and Grant's fame can stand the truth. So also did Napoleon lose touch of his enemy at Marengo through failure to use his cavalry for reconnoitring. He went to sleep expecting no battle in the morning; and in the morning he was surprised and defeated by Melas, as Johnston surprised and defeated Grant. Re-enforced by Desaix's return in the afternoon, he recovered himself, as Grant, re-enforced by Buell, recovered himself on the second day. The Union lost some thirteen thousand men, the South eleven thousand,--and understood thereafter that all American blood was equally gallant, whether Northern or Southern.

Grant made another mistake here; and his reasons for not pursuing the enemy (who had lost Sidney Johnston

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