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[76] judgment which is Grant's highest claim to purely military greatness — the general listened, but went on with his plan. And now, indeed, he raised his arm, and struck. On May 17 he had Pemberton penned in Vicksburg, and a telegram from Halleck ordering him to wait for General Banks! In six days he had won four battles, prevented Johnston's joining Pemberton, and was now surrounding Vicksburg itself. After the bloody frontal attack of the 22d (something he owned in later life to have been a mistake), he settled to a siege. We must remember that Pemberton had made many things easy for him; Pemberton was deceived by his preliminary manoeuvres. Pemberton set about cutting him from his base a week after he had no base. Pemberton divided his own strength instead of falling on him with the whole of it, when his was scattered. Pemberton ignored all of Johnston's better recommendations, ending

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