and, as in the case of minors, to such “authoritative control
” as is best calculated to preserve their power of self-action — their power of volition — from that enslavement to the baser passions of depraved nature, which is destructive of all true liberty, and the most degraded and ruinous form of slavery — subjection to the devil; in comparison with which, a physical subjection to a fellow-man, in civilized life, with a power, defined by law, only to control his time and labor to a reasonable extent, is a paradise.
These — we of the South
say — are their natural rights
--the good to which they are entitled in virtue of their humanity.
Now as these rights are in their nature relative, they imply the duty
on the part of the civilized race amongst whom, in the providence of God, they dwell, to afford them both the protection
Their duty, in these respects, is clearly reciprocal with the rights
of the Africans.
They can no more omit these duties to the blacks with impunity, than they can do so to the minors and imbeciles of their own race.
Now what form of control will more naturally or appropriately fulfil the conditions of this problem?
They are to exercise the sovereign
control: all political freedom is denied the blacks by their condition.
They have no right to it. It is not, to them, the essential good.