Lecture XIII: the duty of masters to slaves.
Masters, give unto your servants (δούλοις, slaves) that which is just and equal, knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven. --Col.. IV. 1.
The duty of masters and the rights of slaves reciprocal.
1. The duty of masters to their slaves considered as “their money” --in regard to working, resting, feeding, clothing, housing, and the employment of persons over them; also to the sick and the aged.
2. Their duty to their slaves considered as social beings.
Punishments and the social principle discussed.
3. Their duty to their slaves considered as religious beings.
Public instruction on the Sabbath, and at other times, and the opportunity of attending.
The employment of preachers, and the religious instruction of children.
it has been shown in previous lectures that the principle of slavery accords fully with the doctrine of abstract rights, civil and social; and that a system of domestic slavery in the United States
is demanded by the circumstances of the African population in the country.
But it by no means follows that the conduct of all masters, in the exercise of their functions as masters, is proper, any