and not mere
But all the elements of simple society are to be found among them.
They associate together as other races.
It is not peculiar to them to wish to be together and to find pleasure in each other's society.
They obey the common law of humanity.
These elements of the social nature give rise to various relations and duties among themselves.
They do not operate mechanically, but morally.
Hence their society is subject to all the mutations, the conflict of rights and the violation of duties, of any other simple society, under like restrictions.
As in any other society, these relations must be understood and made to operate within certain limits.
These rights must be guarded and protected by the observance of certain duties enforced by certain penalties.
Otherwise they may herd together, as in the wilds of Africa
; but they cannot dwell together as rational beings.
For the impulses of nature are not fulfilled when they are permitted merely to herd together.
At this point, the master owes an important duty to his slaves.
Its observance will greatly promote their progress in civilization, and enhance the value of his property.
He is their civil lawgiver, and the judge in all the grave controversies which arise among them.
He should not be derelict in duty.
He should not think it beneath him to arrest their broils by