enter into the composition of the government.
Now this is virtually the position, after all, of a no less distinguished abolitionist and literary man than Dr. Wayland
, the author of your text.
On the subject “of the mode in which the objects of society are accomplished
,” after bringing to view the different forms of government--“wholly hereditary” --“partly hereditary” --“partly elective” --and “wholly elective” --he asks, Which of these is the preferable form of government?
The answer must be conditional.
The best form of government for any people, is the best that its present moral and social condition render practicable
. A people may be so entirely surrendered to the influence of passion
, and so feebly influenced by moral restraint
, that a government which relied on moral restraint could not exist for a day. In this case a subordinate and inferior principle yet remains--the principle of fear;
and” the only resort is to a government of force, or a military despotism.
“Now what is all this but a statement of the great truth which we have already discussed, only in different terms, that a government over a people, in the moral and social condition described by Dr. Wayland
, which relied upon” moral restraint
, “that is, upon the principle of self-control,” could, not exist for a day;
“and that for such a people, the only resort is to a government of force, or a ”