do this, treats him as though he were not a rational, but a mere sentient being — and therein alienates his rights.
Domestic slavery is said to treat the slave as a mere chattel, a thing, not an entity, and hence deprives him by provision of law of the right of being treated as a rational being as he is, and not a mere thing.
This is said, because it places his time and labor at the disposal of another man. How far this reproach is just, turns upon a definite answer to the question--What are rights
“ Government is a voluntary concession of certain alienable rights
If this concession be made by the majority of the citizens, the government is called republican; if otherwise, it is called despotic.
In this theory of government, certain rights are assumed to be given up, in order to secure other and more important rights.
I have shown government to embody, of.necessity, two great abstract principles in harmonious operation — though, in their essential nature, the one antagonizes the other.
Now the principle of slavery--control by the will of another
--certainly operates an abridgment of the exercise of self-control
, which is the principle of liberty.
And so far as the principle of slavery operates, in any given instance of government, is that, in such instance, a giving up, to that extent, of the right of self-control
, in order to secure a right
to the self-control