by him who ransomed him to one of his own nation.
All who became slaves under this system were emancipated in the seventh year, except those who should refuse to accept liberty.
Ex. XXI. 2-6.
They were emancipated in the year of jubilee.
But then, the law further provided for domestic slaves in perpetuity
“Both thy bondmen and thy bondmaids which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen
that are round about you: of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.
Moreover, of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land; and they shall be your possession; and ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession: they shall be your bondmen for ever; but over your brethren, the children of Israel, ye shall not rule over one another with rigor.”
Lev. XXV. 44-46.
The attempts which are sometimes made to prove that δοῦλος,
of the Septuagint, and servus
, of the Vulgate version, translated indifferently servant
or slave, means only a hired servant
, need only to be mentioned to be refuted.
That these terms defined an actual state of slavery among the Greeks and Romans, no one acquainted with