some one of the known forms of civil government What form of government shall this be?
According to principles well established, and admitted on all sides, it should be such a form of government as, from its adaptation to their intellectual, moral, relative, and physical condition, is best calculated to promote their happiness and the happiness of those with whom they are necessarily associated.
But what form of government is it which will most probably accomplish this object?
The anti-slavery party, as well as the abolition faction, claim for the Africans a democratic republic: that is, that they should have equal political privileges with the whites, and only be subject with them to the same modified form of slavery!
On the contrary, we of the South
maintain that, from their present state
of mental imbecility, moral degradation, and physical inferiority, they should be placed under that more decided form of control called domestic slavery.
Who is right
In discussing this question, we take the ground.
first, that, in advance of all direct argument, we are entitled to the full benefit of the presumption
in argument — the burden of proof lies upon those who dispute our position; and, secondly, that we are right in fact — that the circumstances of the case demand this form of government on behalf of the race, as their right, their blessing;