he and General Smith
, who accompanied Grant
, should confer together on terms, and report to their superiors.
While those two officers conferred together, Grant
paced to and fro, conversing.
, nervous and dispirited, though insolent in manner, plucked straws to gnash his teeth upon; while Grant
, quiet, imperturbable, and firm, calmly smoked his cigar, and as calmly spoke, taking no notice of his opponent's ill temper.
The terms proposed by Bowen
were so utterly inadmissible as to elicit a smile from Grant
, who promptly rejected them, and promised to send his ultimatum in writing, and the conference ended.
summoned a council of war, the only one he ever called, and asked the opinions of his officers.
Always self-reliant, and ready to assume his proper responsibility, he evidently did not believe that in war there was safety in a multitude of counsel.
In this case none of the terms proposed by his subordinates met with his approbation; but without any discussion he immediately dictated his own terms, which were in the main simply such as had been arranged by a cartel between the national and rebel authorities.
The rebels were compelled to accept them or fare worse; and that was the position in which Grant
always aimed to place the enemy.
On the 4th of July, Vicksburg
, with its hundred and seventy cannon, and its thirty thousand rebel troops,1
was formally surrendered, and a portion of the victorious army entered the city.
The Mississippi was opened, for Port Hudson
was immediately surrendered,