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[49] directing new movements. Seeing a portion of his line, in front of an important position, struggling unsuccessfully and about to give way, he ordered up an Ohio regiment, which was passing not far distant, and him-self led them to support the wavering troops. Recognizing, their general, these men charged with great enthusiasm, while he shared their exposure, and encouraged them with his presence. The wavering troops also recognized him, and closing up their ranks, they joined, with loud cheers, in the charge, which drove the enemy from their position, and achieved the final success of the contest.

Jealousy and ignorance would again have deprived Grant of the honor of victory. He was supposed to have been hopelessly defeated the first day, and the success of the second day was supposed to be due to Buell and his army. But neither was true, as all official records, of both the Union and rebel forces, and the testimony of unprejudiced soldiers, show. Moreover, had the army of General Buell been as ready to endure and persist as were General Grant's own troops, the victory would have been more complete. But Buell's officers considered their men too much exhausted to pursue the routed foe; and the real victory, which Grant desired to achieve, was thus lost. But what was accomplished is due to the ability and persistency of Grant.

General Halleck, seeing his subordinates winning the laurels of the war, grew somewhat restive; and having formed a grand strategical plan — of the campaign, desired naturally to assume command of his forces in the field. He did so, and superseded Grant, who,

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