on the 29th day of March, 1847, the articles of capitulation having been signed two days before.
On the 8th of April, the army, with the exception of a regiment of infantry left behind to serve as a garrison, began its march into the interior, numbering in all about eight thousand five hundred men. They were soon made to feel that their path of progress was not without difficulties and dangers.
At Cerro Gordo
, sixty miles from Vera Cruz
, a Mexican army, thirty-five thousand strong, under the command of General Santa Anna
, was found posted in a mountain-pass, a position of great natural strength, fortified and defended by powerful batteries, bristling with cannon.
But, in spite of superior numbers and of almost impregnable defences, the enemy's position was assaulted and carried, and his forces utterly routed, on the 18th of April, by the American
army, in one of the most brilliant battles on record, in which the skilful plans of the commander-in-chief
were carried out and crowned with success by the zeal and energy of all the subordinate officers and the splendid courage of the men. The company of sappers and miners had reached the place on the day before the battle, and shared in the dangers and honors of the field.
, with ten of his men, was with General Pillow
's brigade on the left, with directions to clear away the obstacles in front of the assaulting columns.
This was a service of no common danger, as the heavy and well-served Mexican batteries in front swept the space before them with a most destructive