of the physical features of the country comprised within the zone of operations, and a prophetic sagacity in determining and selecting those decisive strategic points the possession of which insures the control of a region important to hold.
It selects the spots where magazines of supplies should be formed, as well as where permanent fortifications should be constructed.
The strategist is to the tactician what the architect is to the builder.
, among others, were instances of men of the most brilliant conduct on the field of battle who had no power of strategy, no capacity of organizing a campaign or of directing the movements of detached bodies of troops so as to bring them to bear upon a given point at the same time.
On the other hand, the Archduke Charles
, who as a strategist had no rival but Napoleon
himself, is thought to have sometimes shown a want of quickness and decision on the field of battle.
That General McClellan
is capable of planning and organizing a campaign, of designating movements to be executed by others, can be doubted by no man of candid mind who will read his memorandum on the conduct of the war, addressed to the President
, and to be found in the fifth chapter of the present work, and his letters of instruction to Generals Halleck
, and Butler
, contained in his Report.
Strategy is the most important department of the art of war, and strategical skill is the highest and rarest function of military genius.
To handle troops well on the field of battle, to retain self-possession