he fell, exclaiming, “Oh God, I am shot!
I am shot!”
and almost instantly expired.
One of his friends received at the same time a ball in his leg, of which he recovered.
Those remaining alive in the building now held a consultation, and concluded to surrender.
One of their number went up to the scuttle and apprised the mob that Mr. Lovejoy
was dead, and that the press would now be given up. A yell of exultation was sent up by the rioters, and the proposed surrender declined.
Another of the inmates now resolved to go out and make some terms, if possible; but he had hardly opened the door when he was fired upon and severely wounded.
A citizen now came to the door at the opposite end, and begged those within to leave the building, as it was on fire, and their remaining would be utterly useless.
All but two or three hereupon laid down their arms, left the building, and fled, being fired upon by the mob as they escaped.
The rioters then rushed into the building, threw the press out of the window, broke it up, and pitched the pieces into the river.
They destroyed no other property, save a few guns.
One of them — a doctor — offered to extract the ball from the wounded man's leg; but he declined their assistance.
At two o'clock, they had dispersed, and all was again quiet.
's remains were borne away next morning to his dwelling, amid the jeers and scoffs of his murderers.
He was buried the day following--Thursday, November 9--the day which, had he been living, would have completed his thirty-fifth year.
His wife, who, on account of the critical state of her health, had been sent away from Alton
, was unable to attend his funeral.
Of their two children, one was born after his death.
The defenders of the warehouse, as well as the recognized leaders of their assailants, were respectively indicted for riot, and tried, or rather, Mr. Gilman
alone of the defenders was tried; and upon his acquittal the City
Attorney entered a nolle prosequi
as to the other defendants.
The leading rioters were next placed on trial, and were likewise acquitted.
The testimony of the Mayor
, John M. Krum
, was much relied on by the defenders of the press, who expected to prove by it that they acted throughout under his authority, as ministers of the law and official guardians of the rights of property.
His testimony, however, did riot sustain this assumption.
fully admitted that he had repeatedly and freely consulted with them as to their course in the premises, and had advised them that they would be entirely justified in defending their rights by arms, if necessary.
But, he said, he had given this advice as a lawyer, a neighbor, and citizen; not as Mayor
The details of this tragedy are important, as they serve to silence two cavils, which have been most familiar in the mouths of the champions of Slavery.
“If you want to oppose Slavery, why do n't you go where it is?”
has been triumphantly asked many thousands of times.
-joy did exactly this — as Lundy
, and Garrison
, and many others had done before him — and only left a Slave for a Free State when such removal was