half of the population of the Free States
as to the evil and peril, the guilt and shame of extending and fortifying Slavery by the power and under the flag of our Union.
No matter what the People meant
by electing him President
— they had voted with their eyes open; and he, while equivocating1
and dissembling on the Tariff question, had been frank and open on this.
Nor had the ruling purpose with which the acquisition of Texas
was pursued been disguised by its champions.
“It will give a Gibraltar to the South
,” said Gen. James Hamilton, jr.
, of S. C.
, an eminent disciple of Calhoun
, who had migrated from South Carolina
, and taken a leading part in her affairs, in furtherance of the project.
Such was the drift of Southern inculcation on this subject; and the colonizing, the revolutionizing, and the annexing of the coveted region, were but three acts in the same drama, and all the work of “the South
When a Tennessee slaveholder and unflinching devotee of the Slave Power
, well known as an earnest and self-proclaimed Annexationist, had been chosen President
, and thus invested with the Executive
power and patronage of the Republic
for the four years ensuing, the speedy and complete triumph of the measure was rendered inevitable.
was still President
, with John C. Calhoun
as Secretary of State
, and would so remain until the 4th of March.
On the first Monday in December, the Twenty-Eighth Congress reassembled, and the President
laid before it, among others, a dispatch from Mr. Calhoun
, dated August 12, 1844, to Hon. William R. King
, our Minister at Paris
, instructing him to represent to the French Government
the advantages and the necessity of Annexation on many grounds, but especially on that of its tendency to uphold Slavery, primarily in Texas
itself; but “ultimately in the United States
, and throughout the whole of this continent.”
assumed that Great Britain
was intent on Abolition generally; that she had destroyed her own West India
Colonies in a futile attempt “to combine philanthropy with profit and power, as is not unusual with fanaticism ;” and that she was now employing all her diplomacy and influence to drag down, first Texas, then the residue of this continent, to her own degraded level.
Says Mr. Calhoun
In order to regain her superiority, she not only seeks to revive and increase her