received a respectable support in every Free State, Rhode Island
and New Jersey
New York, Massachusetts
, and Vermont
, each gave a larger popular vote to him than to Gen. Cass
gave him nearly as many as Gen. Taylor
The entire popular vote (South Carolina
not casting any) stood — Taylor
, 1,360,752; Cass
, 1,219,962; Van Buren
, 291,342. Gen. Taylor
had a majority of the Electoral and a plurality of the Popular vote, both in the Free
and in the Slave States
The struggle for the organization of the territories was resumed in Congress the ensuing Winter; and, though there had been very few changes of members, there had been a very considerable change of feeling on the part of a great many Democrats from Free States.
They indignantly felt that, by the vote cast for Gen. Taylor
in the South
, the services and sacrifices of their party had been ungratefully requited.
That eight of the fifteen Slave States should cast their votes for the Whig
candidate for President
, leaving Virginia
, and Mississippi
to be carried against him by the very leanest majorities, was not the entertainment to which they had been invited when they risked their ascendency at home, and their seats, by voting for Gag-Rules, and against the establishment by law of Freedom in the Territories
Some of them were permanently alienated, though the far greater number were but temporarily estranged, from the councils of their Southern chiefs.
But the change was made evident, soon after the assembling of the XXXth Congress
for its second session, when, (December 13, 1848), on motion of lion.
Joseph M. Root
, of Ohio
, the House
Resolved, That the Committee on Territories be instructed to report to this House, with as little delay as practicable, a bill or bills providing a territorial government for each of the Territories of New Mexico and California, and excluding Slavery therefrom.
This passed by Yeas 108, including every Whig, and all but eight of the Democrats1
from Free States; Nays 80--all from the Slave States
but the eight aforesaid.
A further evidence of the altered feeling of the House
was afforded, when, a few days thereafter, the following was, during the morning hour, moved by Mr. Daniel Gott
, of New York:
Whereas, the traffic now prosecuted in this metropolis of the Republic in human beings, as chattels, is contrary to natural justice, and the fundamental principles of our political system, is notoriously a reproach to our country throughout Christendom, and a serious hindrance to the progress of republican liberty among the nations of the earth: Therefore,
Resolved, That the Committee on the District of Columbia be instructed to report