And still the debate went on, hardly interrupted by the death (July 10th) of Gen. Taylor
, and the accession of Vice-President Fillmore
to the Presidency.
Repeated efforts to cut off from California
all her territory south of 36° 30‘; to send back her constitution to a new convention of her people, etc., etc., were made by Southern ultras, but defeated; and finally1
the bill to admit California
passed the Senate by 34 Yeas to 18 Nays — all Southern--and the bill organizing the Territories
of New Mexico
, as proposed, likewise passed two days thereafter: Yeas 27; Nays 10.
The other measures embraced in the proposition of compromise were in like manner successively carried with little serious opposition.
When these measures reached the House
, they encountered a spirited opposition; but the bill organizing the Territory
of New Mexico
was added as an amendment or “rider” to the bill defining the Northern
boundary of Texas
, and paying her ten millions for assenting to such demarkation.
This was moved by Mr. Linn Boyd
(Democrat), of Kentucky
, and prevailed by Yeas 107, Nays 99.
The bill, as thus amended, was first defeated — Yeas 99; Nays 107; but Mr. Howard
, of Texas
, who had voted in the negative, now moved a reconsideration, which was carried — Yeas 122; Nays 84; whereupon the Previous Question
was seconded — Yeas 115; Nays 97; and the bill passed2
as amended — Yeas 108; Nays 97.
bill was next3
taken up and passed — Yeas 150; Nays 56--(all Southern); and then the Utah
bill was in like manner passed — Yeas 97; Nays 85--(mainly Northern Free Soil). The bills providing more effectually for the recovery of fugitive Slaves, and abolishing the Slave-trade in the District
, were likewise passed by decided majorities; and the Senate4
concurred in the House
amendment, whereby two of its measures had been welded together — Yeas 31; Nays 10 (Northern Free Soil). So all the measures originally included in Mr. Clay
's proposition of compromise became laws of the land.
The propelling force, whereby these acts were pushed through Congress, in defiance of the original convictions of a majority of its members, or at least the lubricating oil where — with the ways were rendered passable, was contained in that article of the bill proposing to the State of Texas
the establishment of her Northern boundary, which reads:
Fourth. The United States, in consideration of said establishment of boundaries, cession of claims to territory, and relinquishment of claims, will pay to the State of Texas the sum of ten millions of dollars, in a stock bearing five per cent. interest, and redeemable at the end of fourteen years; the interest payable half-yearly, at the Treasury of the United States.
By this article, the public debt of Texas
, previously worth in market but some twenty to thirty per cent. of its face, was suddenly raised nearly or quite to par, to the entire satisfaction of its holders-many of them members of Congress, or their very intimate friends.