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[236] States to Kansas, with intent to make her a Free State, a violent and general indignation of the borderers was thereby excited. Among others, a meeting was held at Westport, Mo., early in July, 1854, which adopted the following:
Resolved, That this association will, whenever called upon by any of the citizens of Kansas Territory, hold itself in readiness together to assist and remove any and all emigrants who go there under the auspices of the Northern Emigrant Aid Societies.

Resolved, That we recommend to the citizens of other Counties, particularly those bordering on Kansas Territory, to adopt regulations similar to those of this association, and to indicate their readiness to cooperate in the objects of this first resolution.

Before the passage of these resolves, at least one person, who had strayed into the Territory with intent to settle there, and who was unable to convince the “Border Ruffians,” already in possession, that he was one with them in faith and spirit, was seized by them, placed in a canoe without oars, and sent floating down the Missouri.

The first company, about thirty in number, of Eastern emigrants, under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, reached Kansas before the end of July, and located on the site now known as Lawrence.1 Two weeks later, they were joined by a second and larger company, numbering sixty or seventy. While these were still living in tents, but busily employed in erecting temporary houses, they were visited by a party of Missourians, one hundred strong, who were reinforced next day by one hundred and fifty more, who pitched their camp just across a ravine from the young canvas city, and sent over formal notification that “the Abolitionists must leave the Territory, never more to return to it.” The settlers must have all their effects gathered together preparatory to leave by ten o'clock. The time was afterward extended to one o'clock, with abundant professions of a desire to prevent the effusion of blood. The Yankees, meantime, had organized and armed as a militia company, and were quietly drilling amid their tents, sending civil but decided answers to the repeated messages sent to them. Finally, having satisfied themselves that they could only prevent bloodshed by letting the Yankees alone, and going about their own business, the ruffians broke up their camp by piecemeal and stole away, at evening and during the night, back to their dens in Missouri.

President Pierce appointed Andrew H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, Governor, and Daniel Woodson, of Arkansas, Secretary of Kansas, with judicial officers of whom a majority were from Slave States--one of them taking a number of slaves with him into the Territory. These officers reached Kansas, and established a Territorial Government there, in the autumn of 1854. All of them were, of course, Democrats; but Gov. Reeder's soundness on the vital question was early suspected at the South. The Union (Washington), President Pierce's immediate organ, promptly rebuked these suspicions, as follows:

A gentleman in Virginia calls our attention to the fact that the enemies of President

1 So named after Amos A. Lawrence, Treasurer of the Society.

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