and to the savages.
, a century ago, was as intensely, conspicuously aristocratic and slaveholding as in our own day. But when Slavery had obtained everywhere a foothold, and, in most colonies, a distinct legal recognition, without encountering aught deserving the name of serious resistance, it were absurd to claim for any colony or section a moral superiority in this regard over any other.
The single and most honorable exception to the general facility with which this giant wrong was adopted and acquiesced in, is presented by the history of Georgia
That colony may owe something of her preeminence to her comparatively recent foundation; but she is far more indebted to the character and efforts of her illustrious founder.
was born in 1688, or 1689, at Godalming
, Surry County
; entered the British
army in 1710; and, having resigned on the restoration of peace, was, in 1714, commended by the great Marlborough
to his former associate in command, the famous Prince Eugene of Savoy
, by whom he was appointed one of his aids.
He fought under Eugene in his brilliant and successful campaign against the Turks in 1716 and 1717, closing with the siege and capture of Belgrade
, which ended the war. Declining to remain in the Austrian service, he returned, in 1722, to England
, where, on the death of his elder brother about this time, he inherited the family estate; was elected to Parliament for the borough of Hazelmere, which he represented for the ensuing thirty-two years, and, becoming acquainted with the frightful abuses and inhumanities which then characterized the British
system of Imprisonment for Debt, he devoted himself to their reform, and carried through the House
an act to this end. His interest in the fortunes of bankrupt and needy debtors led him to plan the establishment of a colony to which they should be invited, and in which they might hope, by industry and prudence, to attain independence.
This colony was also intended to afford an asylum for the oppressed Protestants of Germany
and other portions of the continent.
He interested many eminent and influential personages in his project, obtained for it a grant of nearly ten thousand pounds sterling from Parliament, with subscriptions to the amount of sixteen thousand more, and organized a company for its realization, whereof the directors were nearly all noblemen and members of Parliament.
Its constitution forbade any director to receive any pecuniary advantage therefrom.
Being himself the animating soul of the enterprise, he was persuaded to accept the arduous trust of governor of the colony, for which a royal grant had been obtained of the western coast of the Atlantic
from the mouth of the Savannah
to that of the Altamaha
, and to which the name of Georgia
was given in honor of the reigning sovereign.
The trustees were incorporated in June, 1732.
The pioneer colonists left England
in November of that year, and landed at Charleston
in January, 1733.
Proceeding directly to their territory, they founded the city of Savannah
in the course of the ensuing month.
, as director and vice-president of the African Company, had previously become