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[351] obliged to join the “Minute men” of his neighborhood for safety, and had thus been compelled to assist in hanging six men of Northern birth because of their Union sentiments; and he personally knew that not less than one hundred men had been hung in his section of the State and in the adjoining section of Georgia, during the six weeks which preceded his escape in December, 1860.

When, therefore, the time at length arrived,1 in pursuance of a formal invitation from South Carolina, for the assembling at Montgomery of a Convention of delegates from all the States which should, by that time, have seceded from the Union, with a view to the formation of a new Confederacy, the States which had united in the movement were as follows:

States.Free Population in 1860.Slaves.Total.
South Carolina301,271402,541703,812
Total Seceded2,656,9482,312,0464,968,994
Non-Seceded Slave States5,633,0051,638,2977,271,302
Total Slave States8,289,9583,950,34812,240,296

The Slave States and District which had not united in the movement, were as follows:

States.Free Population in 1860.Slaves.Total.
North Carolina661,586331,081992,667
Dist. Columbia71,8953,18175,076

So that, after the conspiracy had had complete possession of the Southern mind for three months, with the Southern members of the Cabinet, nearly all the Federal officers, most of the Governors and other State functionaries, and seven-eighths of the prominent and active politicians, pushing it on, and no force exerted against nor in any manner threatening to resist it, a majority of the Slave States, with two-thirds of the free population of the entire slaveholding region, was openly and positively adverse to it; either because they regarded the alleged grievances of the South as exaggerated if not unreal, or because they believed that those wrongs would rather be aggravated than cured by Disunion.

1 February 4, 1861.

2 Texas had seceded; but her delegates had not reached Montgomery when the time arrived for organizing the Convention.

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