next moved the adoption of the fourth
section of the report, which had been so amended as to read thus:
The third paragraph of the second section of the fourth article of the Constitution shall not be construed to prevent any of the States, by appropriate legislation, and through the action of their judicial and ministerial officers, from enforcing the delivery of fugitives from labor to the person to whom such service or labor is due.
This also was carried, by the following vote-New York and Kansas
still equally divided:
Ays--Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New-Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia-15.
Noes--Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, New-Hampshire--4.
next moved the adoption of the fifth
section of the report, so amended as to read as follows:
The foreign slave trade is hereby forever prohibited; and it shall be the duty of Congress to pass laws to prevent the importation of slaves, coolies, or persons held to service or labor, into the United States and the Territories from places beyond the limits thereof.
This section was adopted, as follows:
Ays--Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New-Jersey, New York, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Kansas-16.
Noes-Iowa, Maine,Massachusetts, North Carolina, Virginia--5.
next moved the adoption of the sixth
section of the report; amended thus:
The first, third, and fifth sections, together with this section of these amendments, and the third paragraph of the second section of the first article of the Constitution, and the third paragraph of the second section of the fourth article thereof, shall not be amended or abolished without the consent of all the States.
This was adopted by the following vote — New York again divided, and not voting:
Ays--Delaware, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Kansas-11.
Noes--Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, North Carolina, New Hampshire, Vermont, Virginia--9.
next moved the adoption of the seventh
section of the report; amended to read as follows:
Congress shall provide by law that the United States shall pay to the owner the full value of his fugitive from labor, in all cases where the marshal, or other officer, whose duty it was to arrest such fugitive, was prevented from so doing by violence or intimidation from mobs or riotous assemblages, or when, after arrest, such fugitive was rescued by like violence or intimidation, and the owner thereby deprived of the same; and the acceptance of such payment shall preclude the owner from further claim to such fugitive.
Congress shall provide by law for securing to the citizens of each State the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.
This section was adopted by the following vote-New York still divided:
Ays--Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Kansas-12.
Noes-Connecticut, Iowa, Maine, Missouri, North Carolina, Vermont, Virginia--7.
The report having been thus adopted by sections, Gov. Chase
, of Ohio
, demanded a vote upon the entire plan of conciliation together; which President Tyler
decided unnecessary, as the whole plan had been adopted by sections.
Mr. T. E. Franklin
, of Pennsylvania
, moved the following independent proposition:
Resolved, As the sense of this Convention, that the highest political duty of every citizen of the United States is his allegiance to the Federal Government created by the Constitution of the United States, and that no State of this Union has any constitutional right to secede therefrom, or to absolve the citizens of such State from their allegiance to the Government of the United States.
, of North Carolina