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[406] and fairly achieved triumph, did not see fit to repudiate the cherished and time-honored principle for which it had patiently, ardently struggled. No other successful party was ever before required, at such a moment, to surrender its principle, its consistency, its manhood, on peril of National disruption and overthrow. There was no concession from the other side — no real compromise-but a simple, naked exaction that the Republicans should stultify and disgrace themselves, by admitting that they were fundamentally wrong, and that, instead of electing their President,they should have been defeated.1

What “the South” and its friends really required of the North was partnership, cooperation, complicity, in the work of extending, diffusing, and fortifying Slavery, such as it had secured in the annexation of Texas. That Slavery was a great National interest — the broad and solid base of our industrial economy and commercial prosperity — the slaves confined, indeed, to one section of the Union, because there most profitably employed, but laboring for the benefit of Northern2 manufacturers and merchants as much as for that of Southern planters and factors — that we must all watch and work to give that interest wider scope by the conquest of more territory, and by the maintenance at all hazards of Slavery in Cuba, etc.--and that all anti-Slavery discussion or expostulation must be systematically suppressed, as sedition, if not treason — such was the gist of the Southern requirement. A long-haired, raving Abolitionist in the furthest North, according to “ conservative” ideas, not merely disturbed the equilibrium of Southern society, but undermined the fabric of our National prosperity. He must be squelched,3 or there could be no further Union. Haman, surrounded by the power and pomp of his dazzling exaltation, bitterly says, “All this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai, the Jew, sitting at the king's gate.” 4

Hence “ the South” would accord no time, allow no canvass by Northern men of the Slave States in the hope of disabusing their people of the prejudice that we were their natural, implacable enemies.5 They gave us but this alternative--“Consent to Disunion-let us wrest from the Republic such portion of it as we choose to have-or meet us in the shock of battle! Your country or your life!”

--And so we were plunged into the horrors of Civil War.

1 The Cincinnati Enquirer of January 15, 1861, has a letter from “ A Citizen of Highland County,” which puts the case squarely thus:

There is only one possible remedy which can save the country,and restore harmony and peace; and that is a total abandonment of the dogmas of Lincoln, and the adoption of another and opposite object-“ the recognition of the equality of all the States in the territories of the United States, and the strict enforcement of all the laws protecting and securing slave property under the Constitution.” This principle is recognized in the proposition of Senator Crittenden; and when the madness and violence of such men as John Sherman, Ben. Wade, and Horace Greeley shall be humbled, and when wise and patriotic statesmen shall be looked for and found as guides and counselors for the peace of the nation, then may we rejoice in the prospect of restoring our country to that prosperity and happiness which we had before the spirit of Abolitionism and of hate blasted this fair heritage of our fathers. Let the entire South to the border, including Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, and Missouri, take a bold, dignified, and patriotic position, and demand as a right that which the North-redeemed from the curse of Abolitionism — will have the magnanimity and patriotism to yield.

2 See Judge Woodward's speech, page 364.

3 See Mayor Henry's speech; also his letter forbidding G. W. Curtis's lecture, pages 363-7.

4 Esther v., 13.

5 See Senator Clingman, page 373.

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