for a hurried retreat.
, under Cols. Dumont
, opened with artillery and promptly charged with infantry, when the dismayed Rebels, after a momentary resistance, fled.
's division came in at this instant, and fell upon the Rebels
, who were utterly demoralized and dispersed.
received a severe wound from a pistol-shot through the lungs, and two Unionists
The Rebels lost sixteen killed and ten prisoners, with all their provisions, munitions, and tents, and nearly all their arms.
, gathering up such portion of his forces as he could find, retreated hastily to Beverly
, and thence to Huttonsville
; where the Rebel
array was rapidly increased by conscription, and Gov. Wise
placed in command.
arrived at Grafton
on the 23d, and at once issued a proclamation severely condemning the guerrilla warfare to which the Rebels
On the 25th, he issued a second address to his soldiers, exhorting them to forbear pillage and outrage of every kind, remembering always that the people were their friends.
His forces were rapidly augmented, till they amounted, by the 4th of July, to over 30,000 men; while the Rebels
in his front could hardly muster 10,000 in all. He therefore resolved to advance.
The Rebel main force, several thousand strong, under Gen. Robert S. Garnett
, was strongly intrenched on Laurel Hill
, a few miles north of Beverly
, the capital of Randolph county
, holding the road to Philippi
; while a smaller detachment, under Col. John Pegram
, was intrenched upon the summit and at either base of Rich Mountain
where passes the turn-pike from Beverly
westward to Buckhannon
— his position being a strong one, three or four miles distant from the Rebel
, after reconnoitering, and determining by scouts tie position of the enemy, decided, first, to attack and crush Pegram
; and, to this end, sent Col. Rosecrans
to make a detour of eight miles through the mountains, and gain the turnpike two or three miles in the rear of Pegram
This was successfully accomplished; but a dragoon, dispatched by McClellan
with orders to Rosecrans
, was captured during the day, and the plan of attack discovered.
The Rebels were found intrenched on the top of the mountain, with three cannon.
, who had marched since day-light through forests and thickets of laurel, under a cold, pelting rain, by mountain bridle-paths, and, in part, through trackless woods, had, of course, no artillery.
He approached the Rebel
position about noon, and was immediately opened upon by their guns, which made much noise to little purpose.
The vigorous musketry fire, soon opened on either side, was little more effective, because of the rain, the inequalities of the ground, and the density of the low, bushy forest.
But the Unionists were largely superior in numbers, and, after half an hour of this random firing, were ordered to fix and charge