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[542] of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Here Griffin's battery, which, with Rickett's, had done the most effective fighting throughout, was charged with effect by a Rebel regiment, which was enabled to approach it with impunity by a mistake of our officers, who supposed it one of our own. Three different attacks were repulsed with slaughter, and the battery remained in our hands, though all its horses were killed. At 3 P. M., the Rebels had been driven a mile and a half, and were nearly out of sight, abandoning the Warrenton road entirely to our victorious troops. Gen. Tyler, on hearing the guns of Hunter on our right, had pushed Sherman's, and soon after Keyes's, brigade, over the Run to assail the enemy in his front, driving them back after a severe struggle, and steadily advancing until checked by a heavy fire of artillery from batteries on the hights above the road, supported by a brigade of Rebel infantry strongly posted behind breastworks. A gallant charge by the 2d Maine and 3d Connecticut temporarily carried the buildings behind which the Rebel guns were sheltered; but the breastworks were too strong, and our men, recoiling from their fire, deflected to the left, moving down the Run under the shelter of the bluff, covering the efforts of Captain's Alexander's pioneers to remove the heavy abatis, whereby the Rebels had obstructed the road up from the Stone Bridge. This had at length been effected; and Schenck's brigade and Ayres' battery, of Tyler's division, were on the point of crossing the Run to aid in completing our triumph.

But the Rebels, at first out-numbered at the point of actual collision, had been receiving reinforcements nearly all day; and, at this critical moment, Gen. Kirby Smith,1 who had that morning left Piedmont, fifteen miles distant, with the remaining brigade of Gen. Johnston's army, appeared on the field. Cheer after cheer burst from the Rebel hosts, but now so downcast, as this timely re-enforcement rushed to the front of the battle.2 Smith almost instantly

1 Connecticut traitor.

2 The Richmond Dispatch of August st has a spirited account of the battle, by an eye-witness, writing at Manassas Junction, July 22d; from which we extract the following:

Between 2 and 3 o'clock, large numbers of men were leaving the field, some of them wounded, others exhausted by the long struggle, who gave us gloomy reports; but, as the firing on both sides continued steadily, we felt sure that our brave Southerners had not been conquered by the overwhelming hordes of the North. It is, however, due to truth to say that the result at this hour hung trembling in the balance. We had lost numbers of our most distinguished officers. Gens. Bartow and Bee had been stricken down; Lieut. Col. Johnson, of the Hampton Legion, had been killed; Col. Hampton had been wounded. But there was at hand tile fearless General whose reputation as a commander was staked on this battle: Gen. Beauregard promptly offered to lead the Hampton Legion into action, which he executed in a style unsurpassed and unsurpassable. Gen. Beauregard rode up and down our lines, between the enemy and his own men, regardless of the heavy fire, cheering and encouraging our troops. About this time, a shell struck his horse, taking his head off, and killing the horses of his Aids, Messrs. Ferguson and Hayward. Gen. Beauregard's Aids deserve honorable mention, particularly those just named, and Cols. W. Porcher Miles, James Chestnut, John L. Manning, and A. R. Chisholm. Gen. Johnston also threw himself into the thickest of the fight, seizing the colors of a Georgia regiment, and rallying them to the charge. His staff signalized themselves by their intrepidity, Col. Thomas being killed and Major Mason wounded.

Your correspondent heard Gen. Johnston exclaim to Gen. Cocke, just at the critical moment, ‘Oh, for four regiments’ His wish was answered; for in the distance our reinforcements appeared. The tide of battle was turned in our favor by the arrival of Gen. Kirby Smith, from Winchester, with 4,000 men of Gen. Johnston's division. Gen. Smith heard, while on the Manassas railroad cars, the roar of battle. tie stopped the train, and hurried his troops across the fields to the point just where he was most needed. They were at first supposed to be the enemy, their arrival at that point of the field being entirely unexpected. The enemy fell back, and a panic seized them. Cheer after cheer from our men went up, and we knew the battle had been won.

The Louisville Courier, a thoroughly Secession sheet, had an account from its correspondent, “Se De Kay,” who was an officer in the Kentucky battalion attached to Gen. Johnston's army, which reached the battle-field among the last, and who, writing from Manassas, Monday, July 22d, after stating that Beauregard had been driven two miles, says:

The fortunes of the day were evidently against us. Some of our best officers had been slain, and the flower of our army lay strewn upon the field, ghastly in death or gaping with wounds. At noon, the cannonading is described as terrific. It was an incessant roar for more than two hours, the havoc and devastation at this time being fearful. McDowell, with the aid of Patterson's division of 20,000 men, had nearly outflanked us, and they were just in the act of possessing themselves of the railway to Richmond. Then all would have been lost. But, most opportunely — I may say providentially — at this juncture, Gen. Johnston, with the remnant of his division--our army, as we fondly call it, for we hare been friends and brothers in camp and field for three months--reappeared and made one other desperate struggle to obtain the vantage-ground. Elzey's brigade of Marylanders and Virginians led the charge; and right manfully did they execute the work.

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